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Sunnahs and Aadaab of Zul Hijjah

Sunnats and Aadaab of Dhul Hijja1. Zul Hijjah is from the four sacred months of the Islamic Calender. The four sacred months are Dhul Qa’dah, Dhul Hijja, Muharram and Rajab. The rewards of any good deed done in these months are multiplied, and the sins committed in these months are also regarded as more serious.

The number of months in the sight of Allah is twelve (in a year), so ordained by Him the day He created the heavens and the earth; from among them  four are sacred.


2. One should exert oneself in ibaadat during the first ten days of Zul Hijjah. Great rewards have been mentioned regarding the ibaadat made during these ten days.

Hazrat Abdullah ibn Abbas (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, “There is no virtuous deed carried out in any day of the year that can be equal to the reward of (that  virtuous deed) carried out in these ten days of Zul Hijjah”. The Sahabah asked, “Not even Jihaad?” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied, “Not even Jihaad, except for the one who endangers his life and wealth (in Jihad) and does not return with anything (i.e. the Jihad carried out in the ten days of Zul Hijjah is more virtuous than Jihad during the rest of the year except for that Mujaahid who gains martyrdom).

3  One should fast during the first ten days.  By fasting any of the first ten days of Zul Hijjah (besides the tenth), one will get the reward of fasting the entire year.

4. One should endeavour to make as much ibaadat as possible in the first ten nights of Zul Hijjah. Making ibaadat on these nights earns one the reward of making ibaadat on Laylatul Qadr.

Hazrat Abu Hurayrah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, “There are no days in the year wherein the worship of Allah Ta’ala is more beloved to Him than the ten days of Zul Hijjah. The fast during these days (excluding the tenth) is equivalent to the fast of an entire year and standing up in ‘ibaadah during these nights is equivalent to the reward of the night of Qadr (power).”

5. Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has mentioned that Paradise becomes waajib for that person who worships Allah Ta’ala on five nights. i.e. The night of Tarwiya ( 8th of Zul Hijjah), the night of Arafah (9th of Zul Hijjah), the night of nahr (10th ofZul Hijjah), the night of Eid ul Fitr and the night of the 15th of Sha’baan.

Hadhrat Muaadh ibn Jabal (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “The one who enlivens five nights of the year with ibaadat, Jannat becomes compulsory for him. The night of Tarwiya ( 8th of Zul Hijjah), the night of Arafah (9th of Zul Hijjah), the night of nahr (10th of Zul Hijjah), the night of Eid ul Fitr and the night of the 15th of Sha’baan

6. It is sunnah for one (who is not in the state of ihram) to fast on the day of Arafah i.e. 9th of Zul Hijjah. Apart from receiving the reward of one year’s fast, two years sins will also be forgiven.

Hadhrat Abu Qataadah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that once a Sahaabi asked Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam): “O Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), what is the reward of the person who fasts on the day of Aashurah?” Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied, “It carries the reward of fasting for an entire year. The Sahaabi then asked: “What is the reward of fasting on the day of Arafah. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied: “It expiates the (minor) sins of the present year and the previous year.”

7. It is sunnah for those intending Qurbaani not to clip their nails nor trim their hair from the beginning of the month of Zul Hijjah till their qurbaani animal is slaughtered.

Hadhrat Umme Salamah (Radhiallahu Anha) reports that Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Whoever intends making Qurbaani, then he should refrain from cutting his hair and clipping his nails from the time the crescent (of Dhul Hijja) is sighted till he completes his Qurbaani.

8. Takbeer-e-Tashreeq should be recited by both males and females from the Fajr of the 9thof Zul Hijjah till Asr on the 13th of Zul Hijjah. The males will recite it audibly while the females will recite it softly after every Fardh salaah. The Takbeer-e-Tashreeq is as follows:

It is reported from Hadhrat Ali (Radhiallahu Anhu) that he would recite the Takbeer-e-Tashreeq from the Fajr salaah on the day of Arafa (9th Zul Hijjah) till the Asr salaah on the last day of Tashreeq (13th Zul Hijjah).

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