1. Wear decent loose fitting clothes.
2. Prepare well in advance for Salah before the time sets in.
3. Mentally prepare to stand in the court of your Rabb.
4. Ensure that your body, clothes and the place on which Salah is being performed are paak and clean.
Qiyaam (standing for Salah)
5. Face the Qiblah.
6. Keep approximately four fingers between both the feet.
7. Raise the hands up to the ears with the thumbs being parallel with the ear lobes.
8. The palms should face the Qiblah.
9. The fingers should be kept in their natural position, neither spread apart nor tightly closed.
10. Say the Takbeer (الله اكبر) and lower the hands.
11. The head should be kept straight without bending it or pulling it back.
12. Fold the hands below the naval after saying the Takbeer.
13. Place the right hand over the left hand.
14. Form a ring with the thumb and small finger of the right hand around the wrist.
15. Fix the gaze on the place of Sajdah during the standing posture.
16. Recite the Thanaa (to be recited by all Musallees).
17. Recite Ta’awwuz followed by Tasmiyah. *
18. Recite Surah Fatiha followed by Qiraat. *
19. Recite Tasmiyah before Qiraat. *
20. The Masnoon Qiraat in Fajr and Zuhr is the Tiwaal-e-Mufassal (Surah Hujraat to Surah Inshiqaaq), in Asr and Esha it is the Awsaat-e-Mufassal (Surah Burooj to Surah Qadr) and in Maghrib it is the Qisaar-e-Mufassal (Surah Bayyinah to Surah Naas).
Ruku and Qaumah
21. Say the Takbeer and go into Ruku.
22. The Takbeerat-e-Intqaaliyah (Takbeer which is recited when moving from one posture to another) should be commenced as soon as one begins moving to the next posture and only completed when that posture is entered.
23. Grasp the knees firmly with the fingers spread apart.
24. In Ruku the back and head should be kept in a straight line, the legs, i.e. from the knee downwards and the elbows kept straight.
25. Fix the gaze on the feet while in Ruku.
26. Keep the hands away from the sides.
27. Recite the Tasbeeh:
سبحن ربي العظيم
thrice or any odd number of times.
28. Stand up from Ruku saying the Tasmee:
سمع الله لمن حمده
Followed by the Tahmeed:
اللهم ربن و لك الحمد
(The imam will only say the Tasmee, the Muqtadi will only say the Tahmeed whilst the Munfarid will say both).
29. Stand up upright observing Ta’deel-e-Arkaan, i.e. the body should be completely at ease and relaxed before going into Sajdah.
30. Say the Takbeer and proceed into Sajdah.
31. Keep the back straight when going into Sajdah.
32. Place the knees first on the ground, then the palms, then the nose and lastly the forehead.
33. Keep the fingers tightly closed facing towards the Qiblah .
34. Place the palms alongside the ears.
35. Raise the elbows off the ground.
36. Keep the arms away from the sides.
37. Fix the gaze on the nose in Sajdah.
38. Keep a gap between the stomach and thighs.
39. Keep both the feet together with the toes facing the Qiblah.
40. Recite the Tasbeeh:
سبحن ربي الأعلى
thrice or any other odd number of times.
41. Say the Takbeer and sit up in the position of Jalsah.
Jalsah (sitting between the Sajdahs)
42. Place the palms on the thighs with the fingertips at the edge of the knees.
43. Keep the fingers in their natural position.
44. Fix the gaze on the area between the lower chest and lap whilst in Jalsah.
45. Keep the right foot erect and the left foot flat whilst sitting on it.
46. Face the toes of both feet towards the Qiblah.
47. Remain in the position of Jalsah observing to ‘Deel-e-Arkaan before proceeding for the second Sajdah.
48. Say the Takbeer and proceed to the second Jalsah as normal.
49. After the second Sajdah say the Takbeer and stand up for the second Rakah.
50. When getting up do not take support from the ground (unless there is a need to do so).
51. Perform the second Rakah as normal, omitting the recitation of Thanaa and Ta’awwuz at the beginning.
Qa’dah (sitting) and Salaam
52. After the second Sajdah of the second Rakah, sit in the Qadah position as explained under Jalsah.
53. Recite the Tashahhud – (Attahiyyaat).
54. When saying ألا اله form a ring with the thumb and middle finger of the rand hand, raise the index finger and keep the remaining two fingers closed and when saying الا الله lower the index finger. The ring will be kept till the end of Tashahhud.
55. If it is a three or four Rakah Salah then stand up after the Tashahhud to complete the remaining Rakahs. If it is a two Rakah Salah or the second Qa’dah then read Durood-e-Ibraaheem after the Tashahhud followed by a Du’aa from the Quran or Hadith (common Du’aa is Allahhumm Inni Zalamtu … or Allahumaghfir lee wa li Waalidayya … ).
56. After the Du’aa make salaam to the right side and then the left.
57. Commence the second salaam immediately after the first salaam.
58. When making salaam on either side, fix the gaze on the shoulders.
59. Turn the face on both sides to the extent that the person behind will be able to see the cheek of the Musallee.
60. After the Salam say استغفر الله thrice.
61. Engage in Du’aa (as this is a time for the acceptance of Du’aas).
62. Recite Tasbeeh-e-Faatimi after every Salah.
Hazrat Abu Qatadah (R) narrates that Rasulullah(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)said:
The worst of believers is the one who steals from his Salah. Sahaba (R) asked: O Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) How can he steal from his Salah? He(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)replied: by neither performing its Ruku and Sujud perfectly, nor keeping his back straight in Ruku, nor in Sujud. (Musnad Ahmad)
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