Q: Is it permissible to fast on 13th Zul Hijjah especially since it is from the Ayyaam-e-Beedh (13th, 14th and 15th) of the month and it is Sunnah to fast on such days? If it is not permissible to fast on such a day and someone did commence the fast on this day should he break the fast? Kindly provide a Hadith to show that fasting is impermissible on this day.
A:Fasting is prohibited on 5 days of the year – Eidul Fitr, Eidul Adha and the 3 days of Tashreeq i.e. 11-13th Zul Hijjah. (Raddul Muhtar 2/375, Hashiyatut Tahtawi pg. 691). If a person commenced a fast on this day due to ignorance then he should break it.
Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqqaas (Radiyallahu Anhu) narrates: “Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) instructed me to announce that the days of Mina (Days of Tashreeq – 11-13th Zul Hijjah) are days of eating and drinking. There is no fasting on these days. (I’laaus Sunan 9/147)
And Allah Ta'ala Knows Best
Shafiq Jakhura (Mufti) M.D. Mangera (Mufti)
Fatwa Dept. Fatwa Dept.