27 October 2020   10. Rabi-ul-Awwal 1442

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The illustrious Ashara Mubashara (R)



The term Ashara Mubashara refers to the ten Sahabah y who were granted the glad tidings of Jannah in this world by Nabi(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)in one sitting. These were the ten greatest men after the Messengers and were among the closest companions to the beloved Master (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)

This beautiful glad tiding is mentioned in the Hadith - Hazrat Abdur Rahman ibn Auf (R) narrates that Nabi(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)said, “Abu Bakr (R) is in Jannah, Umar (R) is in Jannah, Usman (R) is in Jannah, Ali (R) is in Jannah, Talha (R) is in Jannah, Zubair (R) is in Jannah, Abdur Rahman ibn Auf is in Jannah, Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas (R) is in Jannah, Sa'eed ibn Zayd (R) is in Jannah and Abu Ubaidah ibnul Jarrah (R) is in Jannah.” (Tirmizi & Mishkat)

These ten Sahabah were among the earliest Muslims and were of great service to the cause of Islam. They were among those who migrated, participated in the epic battle of Badr and swore allegiance to Rasulullah(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)at Hudaybiya. A brief biodata of each companion is presented here:
Hazrat Abu Bakr (R)

Name: Abdullah. His father was Abu Quhafah.

Birth: Approximately two years after the birth of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)

Titles: Siddeeq, Ateeq and Atqa.

He was the first man to accept Islam after Hazrat Khadijah (Radiyallahu Anha) - was the first Khalifah after Rasulullah(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)and was the leader of the Muslims for approximately 2 years and 2 months.

His daughter, Aisha (Radiyallahu Anha) was one of the blessed wives of Rasulullah(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)and the most beloved to him (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)

Demise: 2 years after the demise of Rasulullah(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)aged 63 on 22 Jumadal Ukhra 13 A.H. He is buried by the side of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)
Hazrat Umar (R)

Name: Umar ibn Khattab.

Birth: 13 years after the birth Nabi(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)

Title: He was given the title of Al Farooq by Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)

He was the 40th man to accept Islam in the 6th year after Prophethood. His daughter Hazrat Hafsah (Radiyallahu Anha) was one of the blessed wives of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)

He became the 2nd righteous Khalifah (leader of the Muslims) after the demise of Hazrat Abu Bakr (R) and ruled for approximately 10 years and 6 months.

Demise: He was martyred on 1st Muharram 24 A.H. aged 63. He is buried next to Rasulullah(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)and Hazrat Abu Bakr (R)
Hazrat Usman (R)

Name: Usman ibn Affan

Birth: 6 years after the 'Incident of the Elephants'.

Title: Zun Nurayn

He became the 3rd rightly guided Khalifah after Hazrat Umar (R) and ruled for approximately 12 years.

His title Zun-Nurayn which means “Possessor of Two Lights” was due to the fact that Rasulullah(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)gave two of his daughters to him in marriage, Hazrat Ruqayyah and Hazrat Umm Kulthoom y. When Ruqayyah (Radiyallahu Anha) passed away, the hand of Umm Kulthoom (Radiyallahu Anha) was given to him in marriage by Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)

Demise: Hazrat Usman (R) was martyred on a Friday, 18 Zil Hijjah 35 A.H. in Madinah Munawwarah, aged 82. He was attacked in his house whilst in the state of fasting and reciting the Quran Kareem. The first drops of his blood fell on the text of the Quran Kareem. He is buried in Jannatul Baqi.
Hazrat Ali (R)

Name: Ali ibn Abi Talib. He is the paternal cousin of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) Abu Talib's name was Abdu Manaaf.

Birth: Approximately 10 years before Prophethood.

His mother was Fatimah bint Asad ibn Hashim and was the paternal cousin of Abu Talib. He was the son-in-law of Rasulullah(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)married to Hazrat Fatima Zahra (Radiyallahu Anha).

Titles: Some of his titles were Al Murtadha, Abu Turab – this title was given to him by Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)

He accepted Islam in the early days at the age of ten and was the first boy to accept Islam. He became the 4th righteous Khalifah after the demise of Hazrat Usman (R) and ruled for approximately 5 years.

Demise: He was martyred on 17 Ramadan 40 A.H. and was buried in Kufa at the age of 63.

Hazrat Talha ibn Ubaidillah (R)

Name: Talha ibn Ubaidillah

Birth: He was born approximately 25 years before Hijrah.

Titles: Abu Muhammad, Al Khair, Al Fayyadh, Al Jood.

He accepted Islam at the hands of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (R) at the age of 15 or 16.

Demise: He was martyred in the Battle of Jamal in 36 A.H. at the age of 64.
Hazrat Zubair ibn Awwam (R)

Name: Zubair ibnul Awwam

Birth: He was born approximately 15 years before Prophethood.

Titles: Abu Abdillah and Hawariy of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)

He accepted Islam in its early stages at the age of 15 or 16 at the hands of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (R)

His mother, Safiyyah bint Abdil Muttalib (Radiyallahu Anha) was the paternal aunt of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) Thus Hazrat Zubair (R) was the cousin of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) He was also the brother-in-law of Rasulullah(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)in that they were married to sisters. Rasulullah(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)was married to Hazrat Aisha (Radiyallahu Anha) and Hazrat Zubair (R) was married to her sister Hazrat Asma (Radiyallahu Anha).

Demise: He was martyred in the Battle of Jamal in 36 A.H at the age of 64.
Hazrat Abdur Rahman ibn Auf (R)

Name: Abdur Rahman ibn Auf

Birth: He was born 10 years after the birth of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)

Title: Abu Muhammad.

He accepted Islam in its early days at the hands of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq (R) He was known to be one of the wealthiest Sahabah.

Demise: He passed away in 32 A.H. during the era of Hazrat Usman (R) at the age of 75. Hazrat Usman (R) led his Janazah Salah. Amongst those who carried him to his grave was Hazrat Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas (R)

Hazrat Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas (R)

Name: Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas

Birth: Approximately 19 years before Prophethood.

Title: Abu Ishaq.

He accepted Islam in its early stages at approximately 20 years of age.

Rasulullah(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)used to say that Hazrat Sa'd (R) was his maternal uncle because he was from the same tribe as the mother of Rasulullah(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)– Banu Zuhrah. (Tirmizi). In fact he was the cousin of the respected mother of Rasulullah(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)– Amina.

Demise: He passed away in 56 A.H. at the age of 88 in Aqeeq. His body was taken to Madinah Munawwarah and buried in Jannatul Baqi. He was the last of the Asharah Mubasharah to leave this world.


Hazrat Saeed ibn Zayd (R)

Name: Saeed ibn Zayd

Birth: Approximately 22 years before Hijra.

Title: Abul A'war Al Adawi.

He was the paternal cousin of Hazrat Umar ibn Khattab (R) He was married to the sister of Hazrat Umar (R) Hazrat Fatima (Radiyallahu Anha) who was the cause of Hazrat Umar (R) coming into Islam, and Hazrat Umar (R) was married to his sister, Hazrat Atikah (Radiyallahu Anha).

He accepted Islam in its early stages and participated in every battle with Rasulullah(Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)besides Badr.

Demise: He passed away in 51 A.H., aged approximately 73, in Aqeeq and his body was returned to Madinah Munawwarah and he was buried in Jannatul Baqi.

Hazrat Abu Ubaidah ibnul Jarrah (R)

Name: Aamir ibn Abdillah ibnil Jarrah.

Birth: Approximately 40 years before Hijra.

Titles: Abu Ubaidah and Ameenul Ummah.

He accepted Islam together with Hazrat Usman ibn Maz'oon (R) on the motivation of Hazrat Abu Bakr (R)

Demise: He passed away during the plague Amwaas in Jordan in the year 18 A.H. at the age of 58. Hazrat Muaaz ibn Jabal (R) led his Janazah Salah.

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