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What is the Islamic Calendar ?


1. HISTORY AND MOTIVATION

Although, the Islamic calendar was introduced in the Christian Era of 632 AD by the Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon him), the beginning of the Islamic era for the count of Islamic years was considered and discussed during 639 AD, the time of the 4th year of the Caliphate of Umar(R.A.) who declared that the most important event in establishing the roots of Islam in Madinah is Hijrah (Messenger's migration from Makkah), therefore let it become the epoch of the era which happened in 622 AD. The actual starting date for the Islamic Calendar was chosen (on the basis of purely lunar years, counting backwards) to be the first day of the first month (1st Muharram) of the year of the Hijrah. However, the era between 1st year to 10th year of the Hijrah was not following this Islamic Calendar; instead the prevailing practices of various kinds of intercalation was followed in Arabia at that time. Different tribes were following different intercalations, so there was no uniform calendar. Accordingly, first day of Muharram, 1 A.H. as practiced in Arabia corresponded either April 18 or May 18, 622 C.E. (Julian calendar). However, if one wants a theoretical starting date for Islamic calendar (on the basis of purely lunar months without intercalation, counting backwards) then the first day of the first month i.e. 1st Muharram, 1 A.H. corresponds to July 16, 622 C.E.


The Hijrah, which chronicles the migration of the Prophet Muhammad(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) from Makkah to Madinah in September 622 C.E., is the central historical event of early Islam. It led to the foundation of the first Muslim city-state, a turning point in Islamic and world history.


The earliest date of Islamic calendar for which a Julian calendar date is exactly known is 9th Dhul-Hijjah, 10 AH, which corresponds to March 6, 632 C.E. (Friday), when the Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon him) performed his last and farewell pilgrimage to Makkah.


The Islamic (Hijri) calendar (with dates that fall within the Muslim Era) is usually abbreviated A.H. in Western languages from the latinized Anno Hegirae or more commonly known as "After Hijrah.".


To Muslims, the Hijri calendar is not just a sentimental system of time reckoning and dating important religious events (e.g., Siyaam (fasting) and Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah)). It has a much deeper religious and historical significance.


Muhammad Ilyes quotes Nadvi who wrote: ``It (the advent of the 15th century) is indeed, a unique occasion to ponder that the Islamic Era did not start with the victories of Islamic wars, nor with the birth or death of the Prophet (sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam), nor with the Revelation itself. It starts with Hijra, or the sacrifice for the cause of Truth and for the preservation of the Revelation. It was a divinely inspired selection. The Almighty wanted to teach man that struggle between Truth and Evil is eternal. The Islamic year reminds Muslims every year not of the pomp and glory of Islam but of its sacrifice and prepares them to do the same.''


From a historical angle, Ilyes quotes Samiullah who writes: "All the events of Islamic history, especially those which took place during the life of the Prophet(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) and afterwards are quoted in the Hijra calendar era. But our calculations in the Gregorian calendar keep us away from those events and happenings, which are pregnant of admonitory lessons and guiding instructions. ...And this chronological study is possible only by adopting the Hijri calendar to indicate the year and the lunar month in line with our cherished traditions.''


2. SPECIFICATION AND METHOD

The Islamic calendar is based on lunar months, which begin when a thin new crescent Moon is actually sighted in the western sky after sunset within a day or so after the New Moon. Hence, the month is either 29 days or 30 days. There are 12 months in an Islamic year, which is either 354 days long or 355 days long, compared to (Gregorian) civil calendar year of 365 or 366 days. Since the Islamic Lunar year has 12 lunar months, it is on an average, 11 days shorter than the (Gregorian) civil year, the Islamic year shifts earlier in each civil year by about 11 days.


The Islamic (Hijri) year consists of twelve (purely lunar) months.

They are: (1) Muharram (2) Safar (3) Rabi ul-awal (4) Rabi ul-Thaany (5) Jumaada al-awal (6) Jumaada al-Thaani (7) Rajab (8) Sha`baan (9) Ramadhaan (10) SHawwal (11) Thul -Qa'dah (12) Thul-Hijjah


It is considered a divine command to use a (Hijra) calendar with 12 (purely) lunar months without intercalation [Ilyes84], as evident from the following verses of the Holy Qur`an: "They ask thee the New Moons. Say: They are but signs To mark fixed periods of time. In (the affairs of) men And for Pilgrimage." (Qur'an II:189)

" The number of months In the sight of Allah Is twelve (in a year). So ordained by Him, The day He created The heavens and the earth; Of them four are sacred; that is the straight usage, So wrong not yourselves therein, and fight the Pagans." ( Qur'an IX: 36)


Since the Islamic calendar is purely lunar, as apposed to solar or luni-solar, the Muslim (Hijri) year is shorter than the Gregorian year by about 11 days,and months in the Islamic (Hijri) year are not related to seasons, which are fundamentally related to the solar cycle. This means that important Muslim festivals, which always fall in the same Hijri month, may occur in different seasons. For example, the Hajj and Ramdhaan can take place in the summer as well as the winter. It is only over a 33 year cycle that lunar months take a complete turn and fall during the same season.


For religious reasons, the beginning of a Hijri month is marked not by the start of a new moon, but by a physical (i.e. an actual human) sighting of the crescent moon at a given locale.


However, determining the VISIBILITY of the crescent may vary from place to place; rather it is dependent upon several factors, mostly optical in nature. This makes it difficult to produce (in advance) Islamic calendars that are reliable (in the sense that they are consistent with actual crescent visibility).


Efforts for obtaining an astronomical criterion for predicting the time of first lunar visibility go back the the Babylonian era, with significant improvements and work done later by Muslim and other scientists. These efforts have resulted in the development in a number of criteria for predicting first possible sighting of a crescent.


However, there remains a measure of uncertainty associated with all criteria developed thus far. Moreover, there has been little work in the area of estimating crescent visibility on global (as apposed to local) scale. Until this happens, no Hijri calendar software can be 100% reliable, and actual crescent sighting remains essential especially for fixing important dates such as the beginning of Ramadhaan and the two eids.


The slight differences in printed Islamic calendars, worldwide, can therefore be traced to two primary factors: (1) the absence of a global criterion for first visibility; and (2) the use of different visibility criterion (or method of calculation). Weather conditions and differences in the observer's location also explain why there are sometimes differences in the observances of Islamic dates, worldwide.

By Waleed Muhanna -Tuesday 13 Jumaadul Thaany 1413 A.H. (December 8, 1992)


Alislaah publications

Getting punctual with Fajr salaah...

In summer, when Fajr is very early, many complain about their inability to get up for Fajr Salaat. …In winter, when Fajr is relatively late, many complain about their inability to get up due to the cold…

As the cliché goes : ‘Where there’s a will, there’s a way.’ …If one is sincere in wanting to perform the Fajr Salaah (or any Salaah), then come any season, any type of weather, any condition or any circumstance, the person will do all that which is within his capacity, to fulfill the rights of Allah Ta’ala.

Due to the weakness being so common, the following are prescriptions to remedy the problem of missing the Fajr Salaah:

... An alarm clock should be kept a distance away from the bed. Instead of just switching it off and going back to sleep, you will have to get out of bed to switch it off.

... If you are a deep sleeper, then use two alarm clocks, with loud alarms. Place one on either side of you – and at a distance.

... If your hearing is good in one ear, and weak in the other, then place the clock on that side, where you will hear it loud and clear.

... Sincerely make du’aa before sleeping : ‘O Allah, I want to get up for Fajr Salaat. Please give me the taufeeq to do so.’
Tell those at home, who also awaken for the Fajr Salaat, to get you up, even if it means shaking you up.

... Request a friend to give you a few rings in the morning – 20 or 30 minutes before Fajr. It will not cost him any money since you know that he is ringing you for Fajr Salaat, and you won’t pick up the receiver.

... Do not stay awake till 2 o’ clock in the morning – involved in entertainment or pastimes : watching television, surfing the Internet, reading novels, etc. or in any activity, even ‘mubaah’ (permissible) which would then make it difficult to get up for Fajr. In such cases, go to bed early and begin the day early.

... Shaytaan makes a person feel lazy at Fajr. On awakening, read the masnoon dua :

"ALL PRAISE IN DUE TO ALLAH WHO HAS GIVEN US LIFE AFTER DEATH (I.E. SLEEP). AND TO HIM WILL WE BE RAISED AND RETURNED."

Then read : "LA HAULA WA LA QOOWATA ILLA BILLAH."

and Ta’awwuz: "I SEEK PROTECTION IN ALLAH FROM SHAYTAAN, THE ACCURSED."

Even though these are suggested prescriptions, the condition of a Mu’min (Believer in Allah Ta’ala) is that he or she is also ‘Aashiq’ (a sincere lover) of Allah Ta’ala. …Since when is an Aashiq ghaafil (negligent) in pleasing his or her Beloved ?

If those who say that they cannot get up for the Fajr Salaah have to read an advertisement in a newspaper by a gold coin company, that all customers who arrive between 3 a.m. and 4 a.m. at their premises will receive a Kruger Rand, free. Will they then sleep or camp there the night? …Whereas a gold coin has no worth in comparison to the value of Salaah.

If a concerted and sincere effort was made to get up for the Fajr Salaat, after having adopted the above mentioned prescriptions, and still the person was unable to make it for Fajr with Jamaat, then Insha-Allah, he will not be questioned on the Day of Qiyaamat.

 

Moulana Yunus Patel 

 

Matyrdom


Source: Al-Haadi Vol. 1 - Issue 8


The tenth of Muharram is observed by many people as the day of Shahadat-e--Husain (R.. A.). Special gatherings are held wherein the heart-rending incident of the martyrdom of Sayyidina Husain (R.A.) is mentioned. This aspect is discussed in this article.


To lay down one's life for the cause of Deen is the ultimate sacrifice. Hence being the ultimate sacrifice, martyrdom naturally has the highest honour as well. Allah Ta'ala describes the martyrs as "living" in the verse: "And say not to those who have been slain in the Path of Allah that they are dead. Nay, they are alive and receive sustenance by their Master." (S.3 V.169 )


Martyrdom is nothing strange or uncommon to Muslims. The flourishing garden of Islam has been watered by the blood of the martyrs from the very early days of Islam. Among those great sons of Islam, who crowned their life-long efforts for the sake of Deen by finally laying down their lives, was Sayyidina Husain (R.A.),the noble grandson of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa-sallam). His martyrdom was indeed heart-rending in the extreme.


SAYYIDINA HUSAIN (R.A.)


It was on the tenth of Muharram that Sayyidina Husain (R.A.) was mercilessly martyred. Before his very eyes scores of his immediate family also tasted from the cup of martyrdom. Finally he joined them. His noble head was then severed from his body. The various details of this tragic incident are too gruesome to comprehend. One could cry tears of blood.


However, the pages of our history are filled with the blood of the martyrs. How is it that we have remembered the tenth of Muharram but are totally unaware of the heart-rending martyrdom of many other great personalities of Islam. Did we know that on the first of Muharram the second Caliph of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was also mercilessly martyred.


SAYYIDINA UMAR (R.A.)


While leading the Fajr Salaah, Hazrath Umar (R.A.) was stabbed six times by a fire-worshipper. He fell to the ground unable to continue with the Salaah. Hazrath Abdur Rahman bin Auf (R.A.) then lead the Salaah and completed it. Hazrath Umar (R.A.) was then carried to his house. The wounds however proved fatal and on the first of Muharram he bade farewell to this temporary world. The Muslims were shattered upon the martyrdom of Umar (R.A.). We also feel the grief of that fateful day. However we have never heard of anybody observing the day of Shahadat-e-Umar.


SAYYIDINA USMAN (R.A.)


Likewise the third Caliph of Islam,the son-in-law of Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi Wasallam), Hazrath Usman (R.A.) was also brutally martyred. When the enemy besieged his house, for days he was unable to even get any water from the well which he had purchased and gifted to everybody to use at liberty. On Friday the eighteenth of Zil Hijjah, the enemy finally broke into his home. Hazrath Usman (R.A.) was at that time reciting the Holy Quran. However no mercy was shown to him and his blood was spilt onto the pages of the Book Of Allah. He also joined his predecessors in Jannah. This incident can also make one shed tears of blood.


HAZRATH HAMZA (R.A.)


Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa-sallam) also witnessed some heart-rending martyrdoms. His beloved uncle, Hazrath Hamza (R.A.) was martyred in the battle of Uhud. After he was martyred, his body was defiled and severely mutilated. His ears and nose were cut off. The body of the beloved uncle of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was then ripped open and his liver removed. This was then taken away to be chewed. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was greatly disturbed and grieved over this. So great was his grief that when the killer of Hamza (R.A.) accepted Islam, Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) requested him not to come in front of him as this would remind him of his uncle and bring back the grief. However, Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) did not observe any day as the day of Shahadat-e-Hamza (R.A.)


BIR-MA'OONA


The battle of Bir-Ma'oona is yet another incident of the great Sahaaba (R.A.) laying down their lives for the cause of Deen. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was requested to send some of his companions to teach the people of Najd . Upon this request Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) sent seventy people who were all Huffaaz and Qurra (plural of Qari). On the way they were attacked and almost all were martyred. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was once again greatly grieved and for one month in the Fajr Salaah cursed these people who had deceived and martyred his beloved companions so mercilessly. Here also no day was observed as the day of their martyrdom.


WHAT ABOUT THE REST?


Indeed our hearts bleed when we recount the incident of the Martyrdom of Sayyidina Husain (R.A.). We also experience the grief when we recount the martyrdoms of Sayyidina Umar, Usman and Hamza (R.A.). Likewise we are greatly pained when we read or hear of the martyrs of Bir Ma'oona; Uhud;Badr and all the other battles. Nevertheless, despite our grief, we will refrain from all things alien to the Shariah. Let us consider that if we observe the day of the martyrdom of Sayyidina Husain (R.A.), then what about the rest? In that case almost every day of the year would be spent mourning.


TENTH OF MUHARRAM


It is therefore absolutely clear that the tenth of Muharram is not a day to observe as the martyrdom of Sayyidina Husain (R.A.). It's significance lies solely in what has been explained in the Ahadith. Ibn Abbas (R.A.) narrates that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) came to Madina and found the Jews fasting on the day of Aashura. Hence he enquired of them: "What is the significance of this day on which you fast?" They replied: "This is a great day. On this day Allah Ta'ala saved Moosa (A.S.) and his people and drowned Firoun and his nation. Thus Moosa (A.S.) fasted on this day as a token of thanskgiving, therefore we also fast on this day." Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) remarked: "We are more worthy of Moosa (A.S.) and closer to him than you." Thereafter Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) fasted on this day and ordered his companions to do the same. (Sahih Muslim vol. 1 pg.359)


LESSON FROM THE LIVES OF THE MARTYRS


It is therefore clear that the day of Aashura is not a day of mourning. Indeed, our hearts bleed when we recall the martyrdom of Sayyidina Husain (R.A.). It also bleeds when we hear of the martyrdom of the other great personalities of Islam. However we have not been taught to perpetually mourn. Yes, we have been taught to take a lesson from the lives of the martyrs. Just as these great personalities selflessly sacrificed their lives for the upliftment of Deen, likewise we should also be prepared to make sacrifices for the protection and spreading of Deen.


Alhaadi.org

 

Celebrations


Human beings by nature wish to express their joy and happiness. They seek occasions to celebrate and enjoy themselves. As a natural religion, Islam has catered for this need by declaring the days of Eid as days of celebration. In fact Islam has made it compulsory to celebrate. This is clearly understood from the fact that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has even prohibited fasting on these days. One is encouraged to wear one's best clothes and to feast within moderate limits.


While the days of Eid are days of celebration, a Mu'min's celebration is one which takes him closer to Allah Ta'ala. The night of Eid is a night of ibaadah. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) is reported to have said: "The one who will keep alive the nights of the two Eids (by remaining awake to engage in extra ibaadah), his heart will not die on the day (of Judgement) when other hearts will die" (Targheeb). Daily the servant of Allah performs the five Salaah. On the day of their celebration they proceed for an extra Salaah — the Eid Salaah. En-route to the Eid Salaah they are engrossed in the recitation of takbeer. It is also a day of engaging in excessive dua. Thus while a Muslim also celebrates, his celebration is a means of getting closer to Allah Ta'ala at every moment.


"SILLY"


On the contrary, during the celebrations of those who are devoid of Imaan many people even take leave of their intelligence. Hence that time of the year is called the "silly season." Crime rockets, drinking and getting drunk is almost the norm, etc. Such "celebrations" are worlds apart from the celebrations of Muslims.


While Muslims have no control over what others do, the crucial question is how do Muslims respond to the celebrations of people of other creeds? Do they join them? Can they merely "watch" what is going on? This should be considered in the light of the directives of the Qur'an and Sunnah.


"INCLINATION


In this regard Allah Ta'ala declares: "And do not incline towards those who have oppressed themselves (by means of committing shirk (idolatry) or else you will be afflicted by the fire" (Surah Hud). "Inclination" pertains to all aspects — beliefs, customs, worship, celebrations and generally in their way of life.


Furthermore, Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) is reported to have said: "The one who adds to the numbers of a people is counted as being among them (i.e. he is one of them)" (Kanzul Ummaal).


Having considered the abovementioned Aayat and Hadith, let us consider the reality of some of the celebrations of the kuffaar. The World Book Dictionary defines Christmas in the following manner: "1. The yearly celebration of the birth of Christ; December 25. Christmas is marked by special Church services, giving of gifts and sending of greetings. 2. The religious and festive season before and after Christmas day."


""GOD OF GATES?"


As for New Year's Day, the World Book Encyclopaedia describes it in the following words: "The Roman ruler Julius Caesar established January 1 as New Year's Day in 46 B.C. The Romans dedicated this day to Janus, the god of gates, doors and beginnings. January was named after Janus, who had two faces - one looking forward and the other looking backward. The early Romans gave each other New Year's gifts of branches from sacred trees. In later times, they gave coins, imprinted with pictures of Janus, or gold covered nuts."


Likewise, Easter is described as: "The yearly celebration of the day on which Christ rose from the grave."


The abovementioned definitions make it abundantly clear that these are "religious" celebrations — religions which are baatil (false) and are steeped in kufr and shirk. It could therefore be said that these are celebrations of kufr and shirk. Participation in such celebrations is certainly "inclination" towards such people. It also clearly adds to the numbers of such people. Therefore this is extremely dangerous for one's Imaan. Muslims should therefore entirely shun participating in such celebrations.


"NO INJUSTICE


Shunning participation in such celebrations should not be confused with being unjust to any person or treating him wrongly. Rather there is great emphasis in Islam on the treating every human being with kindness. Even prisoners were treated by the Sahaaba (R.A.) as if they were guests. Indeed, while kindness will be shown to every human, there will be no participation or inclination to his beliefs, customs and way of life.


Sometimes, many people, due to not having reflected on the implications, unwittingly become involved in supporting celebrations of kufr and shirk. The following are some of the ways in which such "passive" participation or support takes:


*Advertising "Christmas," "New Year" or "Easter" sales (or any other religious celebrations). There is no harm in having a sale or advertising "specials" at any time of the year. Why must it be a "sale" in the name of a celebration of shirk.


* Giving "Christmas" gifts to customers, staff, etc. This is tantamount to celebrating Christmas. Instead, without making it customary, give a gift at the time of Eid. Eid is our celebration. Bring alive the message of Eid.


* Selling items which are specific to kuffaar celebrations. Allah Ta'ala has prohibited us from assisting in acts of sin and transgression. Therefore one must refrain from selling items such as Christmas trees or decorations, Easter eggs and "hot-cross-buns" at the time of Easter, fireworks during Diwali, etc.


  • Remaining awake till midnight on 31 December "to see in the new year." A Mu'min's new year is on the first of Muharram. The first of January is the new year of those who believe in the "God of Gates" — Allah is pure from such shirk. One should not observe such customs which are steeped in idolatry. May Allah Ta'ala keep us all steadfast on Deen and protect us from following the ways of His enemies. Aameen.


Alhaadi.org

Some interesting Facts about Islam


1. Summiyyah RadiAllahu Anha mother of Ammar RadiAllahu Anhu and wife of Yassir RadiAllahu anhu was the first to meet martyrdom for the cause of Islam. She was killed by Abu Jahl the enemy of Islam.

2. Did you know that Imam Bokhari Rahmatullah Alaih compiled his collection of 7,275 Ahadith by selection from 600,000. Before writing each Hadith he would make 2 Rakaat nafl Salaat.

3. The 10 Sahabah who were promised Paradise during their lifetime were Abubakr Siddique, Umar bin Khattab, Uthman bin Affan, Ali bin Abi Talib, Talha Bin Ubaidullah, Saeed Bin Zaid, Abu Ubaidah Bin Jarrah, Zubair bin Awwam, Saad Bin Abi Waqqas, and Abdur Rahman Bin Auf RadiAllahu Anhum Ajmaeen.

4. Ammar RadiAllahu Anhu Built the First Masjid at the request of RasoolAllah Alaihi Wa Sallam. It was the Masjid in Quba.

5. Two of the Ummahatul Mu’mineen (Mothers of the Ummah), (RasoolAllah Sallallahu Wa Sallam’ wives) died before him, they are Khadija RadiAllahu Anha and Zainab Bint Khuzaimah RadiAllahu Anha.

6. Salmaan Farsi RadiAllahu Anhu was the one who suggested to RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam about digging a trench around the city of Madina at the time of the battle of Khandakh (trench)

7. Abdullah Ibn Zubair (RA) was the first baby boy to be born after Hijrah. His Father was Zubair (RA) and his mother was Asma (RA). His aunt (mother's sister) was none other than Ummul Mu'mineen Aaiysha (RA) and his grand father was Abu Bakr Siddique (RA)

8. Zaid RadiAllahu Anhu is the only Sahabi whose name is mentioned in the Quran (Surah Ahzaab)

9. Rasulullah (SAW) made duaa to Allah Subhanaho Wa Taala that, He strenghten Islam with Umar bin Al-Khattab or Umar bin Hisham i.e. Abu Jahl. Allah accepted the duaa in favour of Umar bin Al-Khattab (RA).

10. Abu Bakr (RA) received the title 'As-Siddeeq' on readily saying that he accepted Rasulullah (SAW)'s Night Journey (Mairaaj) to the Heavens when the Kuffar asked for his opinion.

11. Ali bin Abi Talib (RA) walked all the way from Makkah to Madeenah, at the time of Hijrah, while hiding from the pursuing Quraish.

12. Abu Ayyub Al-Ansari (RA) was blessed by Allah to be the first host of Rasulullah (SAW) in Madeenah.

13. Rasulullah (SAW) called Yahya (AS) son of Zakariyyah (AS) 'Shaheed bin Shaheed' meaning 'Martyr son of Martyr'.

14. Uthman bin Affan (RA) did not fight in the battle of Badr as he stayed home to take care of his sick wife Ruqayyah (RA), daughter of Rasulullah (SAW). She died shortly before Madeenah received the news of Victory for the Muslims in the battlefield.

15. All of Rasulullah (SAW)'s children died before him except for his daughter, Fatimah (RA).

16. Amr bin Thabit (RA) became a muslim during the battle of Uhud, and died as a martyr in the same battle. When asked about him, Rasulullah (SAW) said that he was from the People of Paradise, even though he had not prayed a single salaah.

17. Zaid bin Harith (RA) accompanied Rasulullah (SAW)when he went Taif.

18. The cause of Abu Lahab's death was the wife of his brother Abbas (RA), Umul-Fadl (RA). on hearing about the defeat of non-muslims at Badr, he started abusing a muslim servant, so she took a log and hit him, which caused his skull to crack. He died a few days later because of it.

19. Ameer ul Mumineen Uthman RA. had given the duty of collecting and compiling the first holy Quran to Zaid Ibn Thaabit RA., who fulfilled it by the help of other companions and off course the help of Allah. Zaid RA. once said that "By Allah, if they had asked me to move a whole mountain from its place, it would have been easier than the task of compiling the Quran which they ordered me to fulfill".

20. Abdullah Ibn Masood RA. was the first Muslim to read the Quran publicly near the Kaaba in Makkah, after the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Waa Sallam.

21. Bilaal RA. was the first Muezzin chosen by RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam.

22. RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam had four daughters ZAINAB, RUQQAYYAH, UMM KULTHOOM AND FATIMA RadiAllahu Taala Anhun and three sons QASIM, TAYYAB OR TAHIR, AND IBRAHIM, but all the sons died in their infancy.

23. Did you know that the original name of the holy city of Madinah was "YATHRIB"

24. Rasool Allah Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallams' father's name was ABDULLAH and his mother's name was AAMINAH.

25. Khadijah RadiAllahu Anha was the first person and the first woman to take shahada and accept Mohammad Sallallahu alaihi Wa Sallam as the Prophet and Messenger of Allah, followed by Zaid Bin Haritha RA., Ali Ibn Abi Talib RA. and Abu Bakar Siddique RA.

26. The first Hafiz of Quran was Uthman bin Affan (RA, offcourse after RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam.

27. Ali RadiAllahu Anhu Said that he heard The Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam say "TALHA(RA) AND ZUBAIR(RA) ARE MY NEIGHBORS IN PARADISE"

28. Did you know that Rasoolallah Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam performed only one Hajj in his lifetime.

29. Usamah Bin Zaid(RA) was the son of Zaid Bin Harith(RA)and his wife Barakah(RA)(known also by the name of Umm Ayman(RA))

30. If all Quraans in the world today were destroyed, the original Arabic would still remain, because millions of Muslims, called Huffaz have memorized the text of the Quraan letter for letter from beginning to end, every word and syllable. Also, chapters from the Qur'an are precisely recited from memory by every Muslim in each of the five daily prayers.

31. The Islamic calender is based on the phases of the moon, with it being approximately 11 days shorter than the 365 days of the year in the Gregorian calender. Hence, the dates of our festivals (Eid -ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha) move through the year.

32. Adam Alayhis salam was approximately 30 Ziraa tall. Ziraa is a measurement and one Ziraa is approximately half a metre.

33. The Majority of muslims do not live in the middle East. The most populous muslim country is Indonesia, the 4th largest country in the world with approximately 184 million muslims

34. The splitting of the Moon was was one of the greatest miracle of RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi Wa sallam. When Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) was 52 years old, the leaders of the disbelievers of the Quraish tribe came to him and said, "If you are a Prophet, then split the moon into two parts." Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) dearly wanted the people to convert to Islam, especially his close friends and relatives. He prayed, raising up his hands, and the moon split into two equal halves. Each part of the moon was seen above different mountains. The disbelievers said, "Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has performed magic." They did not accept Islam.

35. The Ummah of Sayyiduna Rasulullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), are more than that of all the Ummahs of all the other Ambiya put together.

36. It is obligatory on every Muslim to love Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alaihi wasallam). The sign of love for him is to adapt his way of life and always remember him.

37. According to the Qur'an, the Kaaba was first built by the Ibrahim Alaihi Salaam and and his son Ismail Alaihi Salaam.

38. Muslims do not worship the Kaaba; the Kaaba is simply a focal point for prayer ordered by Allah Subhanaho Wa Taala..

39. Prominent Kuffar like Abu Jahl would secretly listen to the verses of the Holy Quran because they were fascinated by it.


By Quranicsciences

Courtesy: www.everymuslim.net

A beautiful dream

 

Once a man saw in his dream, that a lion was chasing him. The man ran to a tree, climbed on to it and sat on a branch. He looked down and saw that the lion was still there waiting for him. The man then looked to his side where the branch he was sitting on was attached to the tree and saw that two rats were circling around and eating the branch. One rat was black and the other one was white. The branch would fall on the ground very soon. The man then looked below again with fear and discovered that a big black snake had come and settled directly under him. The snake opened its mouth right under the man so that he will fall into it. The man then looked up to see if there was anything that he could hold on to. He saw another branch with a honeycomb. Drops of honey were falling from it. The man wanted to taste the honey. He drank one drop. The honey was very sweet in taste. So, he wanted to taste another drop, then another and then another. As a result, he got lost into the sweetness of the honey. Meanwhile, he forgot about the two rats eating his branch away, the lion on the ground and the snake that is sitting right under him. After a while, he woke up from his sleep.

To get the meaning behind this dream, the man went to a a pious scholar of Islam. The scholar said "The lion you saw is your death. It always chases you and goes wherever you go. The two rats, one black and one white, are the night and the day.The black one is the night and the white one is the day. They circle around, coming one after another, to eat your time as they take you closer to death. The big black snake with a dark mouth is your grave. It's there, just waiting for you to fall into it. The honeycomb is this world, and the sweet honey is the luxuries of this world. We like to taste a drop of the luxuries of this world and it is very sweet. Then we taste another drop and then another. Meanwhile, we get lost into this world and forget about our time, our death and our graves."

May Allah wake us up from the sleep and save us before it's too late. Ameen.

 

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