The life of a human is priceless. No material treasure in the world can be equal in value to one moment of life. Every breath given to a person by Almighty Allah is a bounty. Therefore Allah says,
“How can you disbelieve? Seeing that you were dead and He gave you life. Then He will give you death, then again will bring you to life (on the Day of Resurrection) and then unto Him you will return." (Surah Al-Baqarah Verse 28)
The bounty of life is a trust and is accompanied with a responsibility. It must be cherished and utilized correctly. Any breach of this trust will be a matter of serious concern and accountability to the Owner of this trust – Our Creator and Maker Allah Ta’ala.
Life is about happiness and grief
In this journey of life, accompanied with happy times one will encounter certain challenges, hardships, and difficulty at some point or the other. This is the pattern of life for human beings. Conditions of happiness and comfort are not perpetual. Rather, occasions of sorrow, grief and difficulty will prevail.
However enormous the challenge of life may seem to be, it will never be beyond one’s capacity to bear it with patience. Allah Ta’ala says “Allah does not burden a soul with more than it is capable of enduring” (Surah Baqarah)
Thus, there will be challenges and these challenges will be within our scope of patience and endurance and there will be relief and consolation for us from Allah Ta’ala in the process. Allah Ta’ala says “Verily with every difficulty there is relief” .This verse is repeated in Surah Inshirah for emphasis.
Suicide – The road to eternal destruction
One way some believe to quickly dispense of life’s hurdles is to resort to suicide. Generally, people who have lost all hope in life or have underachieved in some task they expected to be successful in turn to suicide and consider it to be a relief from there dilemmas. Regrettably, suicide does not give anyone relief. Rather, suicide is a defiance of Allah’s will and something that has devastating consequences for the perpetrator, the community and family of the victim.
Suicide is prohibited in Islam
Almighty Allah is our Creator, he is the Giver of life and the Owner of it, and He alone has the right to end it. Suicide is forbidden in Islam and listed among the major sins.
There are specific sanctions expressed in the Quran prohibiting self-killing. Allah says explicitly in the Quran,
"And do not kill yourselves. Surely, Allah is Most Merciful to you." (Surah An-Nisa Verse 29)
In another verse of the Quraan, Allah says: "And do not plunge yourselves into destruction…” (Surah Al-Baqarah Verse 195)
Abu Hurayrah (RA) narrated that the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Whoever throws himself down from a mountain and kills himself will be in the Fire of Hell, throwing himself down therein forever. Whoever takes poison and kills himself, his poison will be in his hand and he will be sipping it in the Fire of Hell forever. Whoever kills himself with a piece of iron, that piece of iron will be in his hand and he will be stabbing himself in the stomach with it in the Fire of Hell, forever.” (Sahih Bukhari)
Thaabit ibn al-Dahak (RA) narrates that the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Whoever kills himself with something in this world will be punished with it on the Day of Resurrection.” (Sahih Bukhari)
Jundub (RA) narrates that the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said “Among those who came before you there was a man who was wounded and he panicked, so he took a knife and cut his hand with it, and the blood did not stop flowing until he died. Allah said: ‘My slave hastened to bring about his demise; I have forbidden Paradise for him.” (Sahih Bukhari & Muslim)
Why do people commit suicide?
The reasons that lead a person to commit suicide are as numerous and complex as the amount of people who do so every year. Below are a few contributing causes of suicide:
- Isolation and detachment
- Substance abuse (drugs and alcohol)
- Loss of family or friends
- Relationship break-ups
- Financial problems
- Sickness and disability
- Failure or low self-esteem
Statistics on Suicide
Statistics about suicide are at times inaccurate because of the sensitivity of the issue. However, available stats show an alarming growth rate every year.
- Annually more than one million people commit suicide globally
- In the last 45 years suicide rates have increased by 65% worldwide
- Suicide figures are double the death toll from road traffic accidents
- 6 000 to 8 000 people commit suicide in South Africa every year
What to do if you are suicidal
• If one is thinking of committing suicide he or she should think deeply about the Creator, friends and family, then turn to Allah Ta’ala and seek His assistance.
• Talking to the Ulama, scholars, and reputable social workers will help in combating negative thoughts.
• Support groups provide useful assistance for those potentially suicidal.
• Seek medical assistance from a professional.
May Allah save us from all harm and give us eternal bliss and peace.
Darul Ihsan Centre