Spiritual Upliftment (42)
Hadhrat Ali (رضي الله عنه) reports that Nabi (ﷺ) said: “There is no obedience to anyone ‘resulting in / equating to’ the disobedience of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى)”. (Saheh ibn Habban)
FOR SPIRITUAL UPLIFTMENT. ..
Malfoozat (Gems of Wisdom) of Hazrat Haji Ahmed Nakhoodah of Madinah Tayyibah - Khalifah of Hazrat Shaikh Maulana Zakariyya
Compiled by Abu Atiyyah, S.Africa
BRIEF PROFILE OF HAZRAT HAJI AHMAD NAKHOODAH
Hazrat Haji Ahmad Nakhoodah (aafiahullah) was born on 23 February 1936 in South Africa. Allah Ta'ala blessed him with the desire to emigrate to Madinah Shareef and make this blessed city his place of Hijrah. For many years now, Haji Ahmed has been
residing there. Allah Ta'ala has blessed Hazrat Haji Ahmed with a very pious disposition and love for the saintly ones. Initially, his Ta'alluq (spiritual link) was with Hazrat Maulana Badre-Aalam (rahimahullah), who then directed him to Hazrat Shaikh Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya (rahimahullah).Hence forth, Hazrat Haji Ahmed's contact with Hazrat Shaikh grew and he spent much time in the company of his spiritual mentor and guide. In 1388 A.H. during one of his many visits to Saharanpur
to spend Ramadhan with his Hazrat Shaikh, he was conferred with spiritual vicegerency (Khilafah) on the night of 21 Ramadhan. He was also given a prayer mat as a gift on this occasion by Hazrat Shaikh.Haji Ahmed has the good fortune of being in the neighbourhood of Rasulullah (sallallahu-alayhi-wasallam) and spends most of his
evenings in the Haram al-Shareef of Madinah Tayyibah in the rear section of Raudhatul-Jannah near the Suffah platform. This is indeed a very great blessing.
Haji Ahmed used to go from hotel to hotel in Madinah Tayyibah, giving wa'z and advice to foreign visitors to the Holy City, especially his fellow South Africans. Due to ill health, Haji Ahmed finds difficulty going to hotels due to the effect of air conditioning on his health. However, many visitors meet him in al-Haram and are
blessed by his good advices there. Haji Ahmed also cares very much for the poor folk of Madinah Munawwarah, especially the Saadaat families and directs those who wish to distribute their charities (sadaqaat and khairaat) to the deserving persons there, accompanying them in person at times. Hazrat Haji Ahmed is blessed with the proverbial quality of Ahlul-Madinah - Ikraamud-dhaif - entertaining of guests. Many people have partook of meals at his humble dwelling in the Holy City Haji Ahmed has also written a booklet on Mi'raj which was rendered into English, printed and distributed in South Africa. On the spiritual front, Hazrat Haji Ahmed has a number of mureedeen (spiritual disciples or students), locally and abroad whose spiritual needs are tended to by him through postal correspondence. May Allah Ta'ala bless Hazrat Haji Ahmed with good health, a long life and accept him for the service of Deen and cause us to benefit from his personage.
Hereunder follow some of Hazrat Haji Ahmed's advices which I had the good fortune of noting down with the intention of conveying to as many persons as possible. May Allah Ta'ala grant one and all to practice upon these advices and make it a means of Thawabe-Jaariyah for Hazrat Haji Ahmed and this humble servant. Aameen.
On one occasion I enquired from Hazrat Shaikh (rahimahullah) how could one be saved from the present-day fitnahs? He advised:
1. Recite Istighfaar in abundance
2. Recite Salawaat (Durood) in abundance
3. Follow the Sunnah
This is sufficient to save one from spiritual as well as worldly calamities.
Hazrat Shaikh (rahimahullah) stressed the reading of the set of books on "Fadha'il-A'amaal" (Virtues of Good Deeds) at home (as a family unit) very much. Especially "Fadha'il-Sadaqaat" of Hazrat Shaikh (R) is very important as many calamities (fitan) will be removed from the home due to reading of the "Fadha'il-Sadaqaat".
Once Maulana Mia of South Africa enquired of Hazrat Shaikh regarding the evil of corrupt television programs, shameless videos, etc. and its bad influence on Muslim homes, how was this influence to be removed? Hazrat Shaikh replied that the home in which the reading of "Fadha'il-Sadaqaat" will take place constantly for six months at least, all of these evils will disappear, Insha-Allah. If along with this, learning of one mas'alah (ruling) of Shari'ah and learning one Sunnah practice could be added, then it would become possible and easy for the entire Ummah; male, female and children
to become learned in Islam. On one occasion, Hazrat Shaikh (rahimahullah) prescribed the reading of "Fadha'il-Sadaqaat" and "al-I'itidaal" for me. On one occasion he called for the "Fadha'il-Durood" and asked me to read all those narrations relating to Salawaat
Encourage people to benefit from the company of Shaikhs (spiritual specialists). People should be encouraged towards Zikrullah. In this way, Roohaniyyah (spiritualism) will become alive in people.
In the latter days when it will not be easy to come by a Shaikh-Kaamil (perfect spiritual guide), stick to the Sunnah (this is a compulsory condition). Along with zikr, especially an abundance of Durood, and following the Sunnah, a person will acquire the position of Ihsaan (a high spiritual rank). However, he will not be able to
guide others in the capacity of a Shaikh. Along with this, remembrance of death (Maut) is also very important.
Be regular and punctual on Muraqabah-Dua'iyyah - Dua of deep contemplation. This will benefit you as well as the Ummah. The method of Muraqabah-Dua'iyyah is to make Dua without raising the hands; make Dua in the heart without even moving the tongue. If you wish, you may close your eyes for further concentration. This
should be for at least 10 to 20 minutes daily and more if the heart desires. Even the time for it is not fixed and it could be done at anytime of day or night. Show this practice to all; it is not even necessary to become bay't to practice on this. On one occasion, Hazrat Shaikh (R) said to me that in order to be saved from sins in
the present days, Muraqabah- Dua'iyyah is very effective.
Regarding Jamaat-Tabligh work once Hazrat Shaikh (rahimahullah) said: Allah Ta'ala has created this work as a form of cure from spiritual diseases and the special favours of Allah are on this work. Those who oppose this noble work will only cause harm to
Hazrat Shaikh (rahimahullah) gave one special advice: Abstain from argumentation with others. Another advice was to make a habit of remembering death in abundance.
Hazrat Shaikh (rahimahullah) prescribed "Aayatul-Kursi" and the three "Quls" after every Fardh Salaah as this is a means of protection from all calamities
Tasawwuf means to crush vile manners and to develop excellent manners, and that is tazkiyah or purification. This is because [of the saying] "There are Men for every art", which means one has to go to a Master to learn.
Importance of Consultation
Hakeem ul Ummah Thanvi rahmatullahi alayh stated:
Without a healthy social life based on piety, there will be corruption, mistrust and dissension in the community. There are certain factors, which are essential ingredients for a successful communal life.
The Story of Jaafar Al-Tayyar
Moulana Jalaluddin Rumi Rahmatullahi Alayh
Explanation by Hazrat Hakim Mohammad Akhtar
Moulana Rumi (R.A.) states: "It is a well known fact that the fox is noted for its cowardice." However the fox which has a lion as a support behind its back saying to him: "Fear not, my hand is upon your back", in spite of lacking courage, becomes very brave indeed. His new found bravery is of such a nature that he will not hesitate to attack a leopard. He now has the support of a lion at his side, he will show no fear for a leopard.
Similarly is the case of the chosen servants of Allah. In spite of their apparent weakness and distressed position, they show no fear of a multitude of evil forces. These saintly ones do experience some natural fear, of physical hurt or injury but at heart they have no fear of anyone besides Allah.
A Sufi says: "O people look not upon my weakly countenance for I have legs of iron. Do you know that within my heart I am connected to the King of kings."
In this regard Moulana Rumi (R.A.) tells a story of Hazrat Jaafar . Once Hazrat Jaafar attacked a fortress, all by himself. His attack was so fierce that it seemed that the fortress would soon become prey to the hooves of his horse. The inmates of the fortress were so struck by awe that they closed the gates of the fortress and not one dared to come out and engage him in battle.
The King discussed with his Wazir as to what line of action was to be adopted. The Wazir advised him: "The best line of action is to cancel all plans of making war against the man. It is best to take your Kafan and your sword and meet him and then to throw down your weapon." The King replied: "But this man is all by himself. How is it that you give me such advice?"
The Wazir informed him: "Do not underestimate his being one man only. Open your eyes and look at the fortress and see how it trembles like quick silver. Look at the inmates of the fortress, and see how their heads are bent downwards like sheep. Even though the man is alone, the heart which he has in his breast is not like the hearts of ordinary men. Look at his brave courage, that in the face of a vast multitude of opponents, he challenges them into battle with a naked sword in his hand and in a confident victorious manner, calls them out to fight. It seems that all the battle forces of the East and the West are with him. One man alone, but he appears like hundreds of thousands. Do you not see that whichever soldiers are sent out to fight him are soon seen lying under the hooves of his horse? When I had seen the great individuality of this man, O King, I realised that his multitude of soldiers which are with you, will not be able to do anything against him. Do not rely upon numbers. The main thing is the unity of the heart and this is actually what is so striking about the heart of this man. In this respect he has been endowed endlessly with it. This is a gift from Allah, which is attained through the acquisition of contact with Him and through rigorous spiritual exercises. This connection you will not be able to attain while you are in the state of Kufr. Hence, it is best for you to throw down our weapons in defeat before the courageous believer and to open the gates of the fortress, because your large number of soldiers are no use."
Then Moulana Rumi (R.A.) gave examples of where in the face of a minority, the majority becomes useless:
Millions of starts are shining and produce light, but at the rising of the sun, their light becomes non-existent.
If one thousand mice should attack a weak and sickly cat, it would appear that they would be victorious in their endeavor. A few of them can grab him by the neck. One or two of them can then take his eyes out. One or two of them can tear off his ears with their teeth. One or two of them can make an opening in his side, enter and begin chewing the internal organs.
That would appear to be reasonable to accept. However, experience has shown otherwise. As soon as the weak and sickly cat utters one "miau" the whole multitude of mice become awestruck and one by one they flee to safety. The moment they hear the "miau" they become convinced of their being vanquished and visualising the actions of the cat's teeth and paws makes them flee.
The main reason for this is the major difference between the hearts in the breast of the mice and the heart in the breast of the cat. The unity of the heart in the cat and the courage lying in it, is not found in the mice. Hence the mice becoming confounded and defeated in the presence of the cat, is proof thereof that the cat possesses unity of the heart and courage. Otherwise it would appear that if a large number of mice should attack the cat, it will be impossible for the cat to escape.
Hence we conclude that even if the number of mice were a hundred thousand, still, seeing a weak and sickly cat, will cause all of them to run away. This proves that numbers mean nothing. The main thing is unity of the heart and courage.
The sheep and goats may be numerous in number but in the face of the knife of the slaughterer, that number is of no consequence.
Sleep comes along and causes many thoughts and imaginations to be put out of the mind.
The lion in the forest courageously attacks a multitude if animals with horns and one alone gets the upper hand over them. Furthermore whichever animal he chooses from among them, he eats.
Allah, the King of Kings, is the One who grants this unity of heart and such courage. This unity of the heart is of two kinds. One is natural, or commonly possessed by the non-believers, polytheists and even animals. The other form which is granted by Allah and comes about through the blessings of close contact with Allah. This is what the Sufis term as "Nisbat", for which one has to strive.
It is a great favor from Allah to have contact with Him. And there is only one way of attaining this contact and that is through following the Shariat.
Translated by: Mufti Zubair Bayat
Approved by: Mufti Mahmood Hasan Gangohi
Day by day, mountains of calamities are crashing down upon Muslims all over the world. Why is this so? Many theories have been proposed and are being proposed to explain this abject state of affairs. Books have been written on this topic. But the problem seems to get worse by the day.
Undoubtedly, all the reasons explaining the state of affairs are proper and correct in its place. However, the bottom line is that until the actions of the Ummah and its spiritual condition will not improve, the situation will continue to deteriorate. This is the starting point before all other factors.
With a lot of concern and pain for the state of affairs of the Ummah, this booklet was written. In it the weaknesses of the Ummah is highlighted, and to a basic and simple cure is prescribed. May Almighty accept this work, and may the Ummah benefit and change for the better. Was-Salaam
Zubair Bayat (Mufti)
1. HEAPS OF DISGRACE
"Verily Allah does not change the condition of a people unless they change it themselves." 13/11.
The Muslim is daily faced by a host of new problems and difficulties. Now and again, reports of untold oppression and barbarism against Muslims are received. Their lives, property and self-respect is trampled upon and worse than that, their religious matters are tampered and interfered with, their Musjids are under constant threat of being converted into temples and are disallowed proper implementation of their (Muslim) personal law.
2. OUR BLINDNESS
Despite this, the Muslim considers these to be chance occurrences or mere coincidences, thus never pausing to even consider the actual cause and reason behind this suffering. At the most, a few concerned souls, who are momentarily stirred by this state of affairs, call up some fancy conference, pass a few vague resolutions and disappear back into oblivion, contented that they have fulfilled their duties towards Islam.
3. THE DIAGNOSIS
A dire need exists for us to study the Qur'aan and Hadith and thereby realize the primary cause for our disgrace and downfall. It is an undisputed axiom of reality that no incident occurs in this Universe accidentally. We as Muslims believe that every occurrence is directly by the command and doing of Almighty Allah. However, every occurrence has been assigned an outward cause, that apparently seems to control and govern it. Thus our difficulties are also governed by causes which Allah and His Rasul (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) have explained to us in the Quran and Hadith:
* "And whatever calamity befalls you, it is due to your own doings and Allah forgives many of your shortcomings." 42/30.
At another juncture:
* "Corruption has spread on water and land due to the doings of mankind. In order that Allah make them taste the penalty of some of their doings. Perhaps they may retract. (from their disobedience) 30/41.
At another juncture:
* Why would Allah punish you if you were grateful and believed. And Allah is Most appreciative, All-Knowing. 4/147.
All these verses indicate that the chastisement of Allah is the direct result of our disobedience, ungratefulness and transgression. On the other hand, if we are obedient and grateful, no punishment will overtake us.
Proper appreciation of Allah's bounties is the correct utilization of these favours. To utilize life, health, faculties of sight, hearing, feeling, thinking, locomotion, finances, status and position, all for the pleasure of Allah and in accordance with His commandments is true appreciation of Allah's bounties. The anti-thesis of this is ungratefulness, which invites the wrath and displeasure of Allah.
5. HEAVENLY BLESSINGS (BARKAH)
Adopting a life of taqwa (piety) i.e. fulfilling all the commands of Shariah and abstaining from the prohibitions is the cause of blessings descending from the heavens.
* "If the people of the locality had believed and adopted taqwa (piety), We would have opened upon them the blessings of the heavens and the earth, but they denied and falsified, thus We seized them due to their actions." 7/96.
There are innumerous aayaat and ahadith to this effect.
6. THE CONSEQUENCES OF SIN
With regards to the verse:
* "And whatever calamity befalls you, it is due to your own doings." 42/30
Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam) explained the tafsir of this ayat to Hazrat Ali (RA) thus:
* "0 Ali! whatever calamity befalls you; illness, afflication or any worldly calamity; it is the earning of your own hands."
* Hazrat Hasan (R) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam) said: "By Him in whose control is my life! Any scratch, twitching of veins, slipping of the foot or a flying stone suddenly striking the body; all are due to the committing of sins".
* Hazrat Abu Musa (RA) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam) said: "A wound or any slighter calamity is due to the commission of sins."
* Hazrat Imraan bin Husain (RA) once felt ill. People came to pay him a visit and expressed their condolences. He replied: "What is achieved by condolences? This is due to some sin I have committed."
* Hazrat Dahhak (RA) reports that: "A person who forgets the Quran after learning it is due to committing sins." Thereafter he recited this verse and said: "What could be a greater calamity than forgetting the Quran?"
* Once Hazrat Asma bint Abu Bakr (RA) experienced a headache. She exclaimed: "This is due to my sins." - Durr-Manthoor, Ibn-Katheer
7. OUR CONDITION
Let us now examine our lifestyles. Salat which has been described as the criterion between Imaan and Kufr (disbelief) how much does it feature in the life of the Muslims? How many are there who are punctual with their obligatory Salat?
How many adhere to the other basic requirements of Islam such as Fasting, Zakat and Hajj? On the otherhand, consider the prohibitions of Islam; those actions that Shariah has declared Haram and a source of Divine curses and harsh reprisals. How many Muslims are engrossed in these day and night? How many have adopted these as part of their lifestyle?
Let us consider liquor for example. The Quran has repeatedly forbidden the intake of liquor.
* Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam) has cursed anyone associated with liquor in anyway.
He has cursed the consumer, the stockist, the manufacturer, the marketer, the buyer, the seller, the transporter, the receiver and those that derived any income from it.
* In one hadith it has been titled as "The root to all evil."
9. INTEREST AND USURY
* The Quran has declared the prohibition of interest. The Quran has equated the usage of interest tantamount to declaring war upon Allah and His Rasul [sallallaahu alaihi wasallam]
* The hadith has classified interest a conglomeration of 73 sins; the slightest of these being equal to fornicating with one's own mother (incest).
* One hadith warns that the consumer of interest will rise as a lunatic on the Day of Qiyamah.
* Another hadith warns that the part of the human body that was nourished by haram income, will not enter Jannah.
* One hadith states that the nation that has taken to fornication and interest should await the chastisement of Allah.
Let us now consider how clear our dealings and transactions are! Interest forms an integral part of our business dealings. Worse than that, desperate attempts are being made to even legalise it (Islamically).
10. VARIOUS MAJOR SINS
* Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:
"When my ummah will be involved in fifteen activities, then calamities will descend upon them:
1. Public finances will be regarded as personal property
2. Amanat (Trust) will be abused
3. Zakat will be considered a tax (burden)
4. Wives will be obeyed
5. Mothers will be disobeyed
6. Friends will be well-treated
7. Parents will be ill-treated
8. Noise and commotion will be common in Musjids
9. Unqualified persons will occupy positions of responsibility
10. Respect will be shown to some people merely to escape their tyranny
11. Liquor will be consumed openly
12. Men will don silk garments
13. Singing girls will be available (for entertainment)
14. Musical instruments will be rampant
15. The Pious predecessors will be reviled and vituperated; The ummah should then await hurricanes, earthquakes and transformation of some people (into animals).
Hazrat Abdullah bin Abbas (RA) states:
* The nation that is involved in misappropriation of trust (embezzlement), Allah will fill their hearts with terror for their enemies. The nation that is engaged in fornication, will experience great numbers of death. The nation that cheats in measure, will have their sustenance curtailed. The nation that legislates against the truth and justice, will experience great bloodshed and the nation that breaks it's contracts, will be subdued by the enemy." - Mishkaat.
N.B. Which of these sins are not the daily life - style of most Muslims today? It is no cause of surprise if we are now afflicted by various calamities.
* Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar (RA) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said: "O Muhajireen! Five things are such that if you are involved in them, may Allah not cause you to be involved in them, then the punishment of Allah will descend upon you. The nation that is openly involved in zina (fornication) will become afflicted by plague and other such diseases that were never heard of before.
Those that cheat in measuring, will be afflicted by poverty, hardship and oppression. Those that default in the paying of zakat, will be afflicted by drought. Had it not been for the animals, not a drop of rain would have fallen. Those that transgress the bounds of Allah and His Rasul, will be overcome by the enemy. As for those that legislate unjustly, they will be involved in internicine fighting.
* It is also reported in a hadith that fornication and adultery causes poverty.
* Many ahadith report curses upon the briber and the accepter of bribes and even upon the intermediary in such dealings.
* In one hadith, it is reported that the nation that breaks it's promises will be involved in internal strife and conflicts.
* In one hadith it is reported that those accustomed to dealings in bribery will become greatly awe-struck and fearful (of everyone).
13. FALSE OATHS
* It is reported in one hadith that the sin that is extremely swift in inviting the punishment of Allah is oppression and false oaths. This causes wealth to be destroyed and women to become barren (that such people have no off- spring) and annihilates entire populations (by high death rates).
14. DISOBEDIENCE TO PARENTS
* In one hadith it is reported that Allah withholds punishments until He desires, but disobedience to parents brings instant chastisement and the punishment is meted out before death even.
* In one hadith it is narrated: Remain chaste, your wives will also remain chaste and be obedient towards your parents, your children will be obedient to you.
15. ENJOINING RIGHT AND FORBIDDING EVIL
* It is reported in one hadith that Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam) said:
By Him in whose control is my life! You should continue to enjoin the right and forbid the wrong, else Allah will descend such a punishment upon you, that you will make dua unto Him and He will not accept your duas."
* In one hadith it is reported that Allah does not punish a whole community on the sins of a small group of people, until these people transgress openly, before such people who have the power of preventing them and yet do not do so. The punishment of Allah then overtakes all. The duas of the pious will then be of no avail to anyone.
N.B. It is due to overlooking such regulations that day by day, we are observing greater calamities, disasters, destruction, violence, diseases, accidents involving planes, trains, ships and cars. Now that the regulations of Amr bil Ma'roof Nahi anil Munkar (Enjoining right and forbidding evil) have been almost totally discarded, there is no hope of even acceptance of our duaas.
16. OPPRESSION AND INJUSTICE
* It is reported in one hadith: Do not oppress else your duas will be rejected.
* In one hadith: Allah grants respite to the oppressor; but when He seizes him, he cannot escape punishment.
* In one narration: The dua of the oppressed is accepted even though he be a sinner or even a disbeliever.
* In one hadith: He that does not show mercy upon the creation, Allah will not show mercy upon him. Hazrat Sufyan Thauri (R) reports that:
Once the Banu Israeel were terribly afflicted by famine for seven years. They eventually began to consume the meat of dead animals and finally human corpses. Out of sheer desperation they climbed upon mountain tops and cried out in anguish. Allah Ta'ala revealed to one of their Nabis that had they to raise their hands right into the sky and had their tongues dried out, I will not accept their duas until they do not return the rights of the oppressed amongst them.
N.B. Let us now consider the present condition of oppression throughout the world and understand the extent of Allah's displeasure with us.
* It is reported in one hadith: Charity does not decrease wealth, forgiveness increase's ones respect and begging opens the door of poverty.
18. DISHONOURING THE ULAMA
* It is reported in one hadith: When my ummah will despise their Ulema, be extravagant in beautifying their businesses and will consider marriage proposals on the basis of wealth, then Allah will afflict them with four punishments: drought, oppression, misappropriation of their wealth by their leaders and enemy - attacks.
* Hazrat Ali (RA) reports that the worldly chastisement for committing sins is: Lethargy in worship, restriction in sustenance and decrease in pleasure.
* Hazrat Anas (RA) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam) said: Be meticulous in performing wuzu (with all it's ettiquettes), your lifespan will increase and your protecting angels will love you; observe your (nafl) prayers in your home, it will enhance the blessings of your home and make salaam to your family when you enter your home, the blessings of it will permeate you and your family.
* Where we constantly complain about "hard times" and poverty, have we ever pondered on what Allah Ta'ala has to say: O son of Adam! Free yourself for My ibadah, I will fill your heart with contentment and independence, and I will remove your poverty. If you do not do so, I will engross you in your occupations and (yet) I will not remove your poverty. * In one hadith it is narrated: If my servants obey me dutifully, I will send rain at night and sunshine during the day (that they be not frightened by the lightning and thunder).
22. OUR EXAMPLE
How cruel have we been upon ourselves that due to our sins we are constantly involving ourselves in disasters and calamities? At the same time, we continuously lament and wail away at our pathetic condition. Our example is like that of a person suffering from diahorrea and yet continues to take laxatives, complaining all the time of diahorrea. What could be said to such a fool?
23. OPPRESSIVE LEADERS
* In a similar way, today we complain about the oppression of our leaders, whereas these leaders have been appointed over us due to our transgressions. The only salvation from them is through taubah and perfect obedience to Allah's commands.
* Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam) said: Just as you are (your actions are) so will your rulers be.
* In another hadith, it is reported:
I am Allah, there is no deity besides Me, I am the King of Kings and the Master of Kings, the heart of Kings are within My control; when My servants are obedient to me, I make their rulers kind-hearted towards them; when they disobey Me, I turn their rulers against them with anger and tyranny, they then oppress them severly. Therefore, instead of cursing them, turn towards me in remembrance and submission, I will protect you against their tyranny.
* In the Quran, Allah Ta'ala states:
"And thus We subjugate some oppressors to other (oppressors) due to their doings." 6/129. There are various views to this ayat;
* Hazrat A'amash's view is that when people's actions become corrupt, then Allah appoints the most oppressive people as leaders over them.
* In one hadith it is reported that: When Allah desires the felicity of a nation; He makes the tolerant amongst them their leaders, the Ulema their arbitrators and the generous their wealthy and on the other hand, when He desires the torment of a nation; He appoints their foolish as their leaders, the ignorant as arbitrators and the miserly as their wealthy.
* In one hadith it is reported: Do not engross yourselves in cursing and abusing your rulers; in fact you should gain the proximity of Allah (through obedience) and make dua on their behalf, Allah will turn their hearts towards you in mercy and kindness.
* A pious person once overheard someone cursing Hajjaaj (the notorious tyrant). He prevented him from this, saying: Whatever is happening is the result of your own actions. I fear that if Hajjaaj is deposed or expires, monkeys and swine be made rulers over you.
* It is a popular adage: "Your actions are your rulers." In other words, depending on your actions, will your rulers treat you.
* If the prince is rebellious, the king will appoint an ordinary citizen to whip him. The prince will be totally helpless to take any action against him, because he is backed by the king. His salvation is only in entreating the king for mercy and apologizing to him. Now, let alone an ordinary citizen, not even a high-ranking minister or official has the right to touch the prince. This is the example of the Muslim ummah. If we are disobedient to Allah, He appoints the weakest of nations upon us. They torture and oppress us most mercilessly. Our only salvation is by turning to Allah in sincere regret and repentance. Then no nation, not even the so called "superpowers" will have the courage to stare at us!
Time and again, we are crushed by disasters and calamities, our laments, complaints and wailing never ends, y t when our shortcomings are pointed out to us, we remain totally indifferent and heedless, Never have we even attempted to bring about any reform within ourselves. Never have we attempted to avoid those destructive sins and crimes that are the direct sources of our misery and suffering. It is most astonishing that when an ordinary doctor warns of some epidemic, we are hasty to innoculate ourselves; when an ordinary labourer warns about the presence of a poisonous snake in the vicinity, not even the bravest person will venture in that direction; yet when Allah and His Rasul are consistently guiding us towards our success and warning us against our destruction (with the greatest of concern and sincerity) we remain totally unmoved and heedless; and we plunge headlong into those very pitfalls of destruction.
* Our only road to success and glory is total obedience to Allah and His Rasul, and following step-by-step the path treaded by our pious predecessors.
24. JUNGLES CLEARED
* History proves that this is how the Muslim will attain victory and glory over the world. This is how the Muslims of yonder, despite being in the minority, conquered city after city, country after country, and ruled the world over centuries. Then not only did they rule over land and people; they even ruled over animals and the elements of nature.
* When the army of the Sahaba stood on the shore of Africa's formidable jungles, then the commander-in-chief, Hazrat Uqba (RA) made an announcement to the speechless inhabitants of the jungle: O denizens of the jungle! We are the Sahaba on our mission. We request you to clear this jungle. After this ultimatum if any of you are found herein, we will kill you! Hardly was this announcement completed, that streams of deadly animals, herding away their young ones, were seen exiting the jungle as swiftly as possibly.
25. LIONS TAMED
* A Sahabi, Hazrat Safinah (RA) once lost his way and strayed away into a jungle. Suddenly a lion appeared. He introduced himself to the lion and explained his plight to it. Waging it's tail like a subdued puppy, the lion led the way for him, growling away any would-be attackers, and finally led him to a clearing where an army of the Sahaba (RA) was encamped.
26. SEAS SUBJUGATED
* In the battle of Madain, the Sahaba needed to cross a stormy sea in order to reach the enemy shores. There were no ships available. Hazrat Sa'd (RA) instructed his army to plunge into the sea in pairs of two. The horses pranced across the water most calmly. Hazrat Sa'd (RA) was heard saying: Verily Allah will certainly assist His friends; Allah will certainly grant them victory over their enemies until they do not commit injustices or until their vices do not overpower their virtues.
* Similar is the incident of Hazrat Ala bin Hadhrami (RA), who crossed the sea with an army of four thousand soldiers. Such was their crossing, that not even did the hooves of the horses become wet.
* Yet a slight error from even the Sahaba (RA) led to difficulties and suffering. The battle of Uhud is a classical example. A winning battle almost resulted in defeat merely because a few Sahaba erred in carrying out the instructions of Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam) to the letter.
* In the battle of Hunain, a boastful remark by some soldiers resulted in severe setback for the Muslims. Through the graces of Allah, they were ultimately victorious.
* In the battle against the Murtads (renegades) of the Bani Hanifah; a chance remark by Hazrat Khalid (RA) almost turned the tables, and the Muslims had to put up with most formidable resistance.
* At times, discarding a sunnah resulted in the frustrating delay of victory. The Sahaba (RA) constantly feared any violation of the Shariah, realizing that this produced adverse effects on their victory and success. For this reason, the Khalifa always emphasised upon them the importance of the teachings of Shariah.
* Hazrat Umar (RA) thus advised Hazrat Utbah bin Ghazwan (RA) after appointing him commander of the army: Adhere strictly to taqwa (piety) and justice in all your decisions. Offer your salat punctually and engage excessively in remembrance (zikr) of Allah.
* Hazrat Umar (RA) handed a memorandum to his governors, emphasizing the importance of salat upon them: Salat is the most important regulation of Islam; if you can uphold it meticulously, the rest of Islam will be easy to practice. The person that is neglectful of it, will certainly neglect the rest of Deen.
* Even Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam), at the time of hardship and crisis, used to resort immediately to salaat.
* Hazrat Abu Darda (RA) reports that when a strong wind used to blow, Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi wa Sallam) would enter the Masjid and resort to salat until the storm subsided.
* Many Sahaba (RA) report similar narrations of his hastening towards salat at times of calamity, fear or darkness.
* One Sahabi reports that this was the habit of all the previous Ambiya (AS) and the majority of the Sahaba (RA).
29. OPPRESSION - IT'S RESULTS.
History is replete with incidents of the destruction of the oppressor and the alleviation of the oppressed. Did Allah not disgrace Namrud at the hands of his populace and destroy him through an insignificant mosquito?
* Did He not protect His friend, Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) from the blazing inferno and convert it into a garden of bliss? Thus Allah assists the oppressed and destroys the oppressors.
* Did Allah not crush the proud and mighty Firaun and elevate the oppressed and down-trodden Bani Israel?
* Did Allah not preserve the Little boy that was so mercilessly hurled into a deserted well, sold for a few coins, who was falsely accused and imprisoned and finally elevate him to the throne of Egypt and honour him with the crown of Nubuwat? (Hazrat Yusuf (AS)
* Did Allah not humble and subjugate the proud and haughty Meccans that forced His beloved and his companions out of their birthplaces? Did He not bring the day of glorious victory at the conquest of Makkah when the arch- enemy were running helter-skelter out of terror, begging for. mercy and compassion?
* On the other, the ungrateful citizens of Iraq, constantly harrassed their just and compassionate rulers; as a result, Allah appointed Hajjaaj bin Yusuf over them, whose tyranny, cruelty and harshness knew no bounds.
30. LESSONS OF HISTORY
* History bears ample testimony to the fact that so long as the Muslims continued to uphold the Quran and ahadith in their daily lives, countries, nay empires crumbled at their feet. Small bands of devout Muslims were sufficient to terrorize and demolish mighty forces. Emperors of superpowers trembled at the mere thought of the Muslims.
* Yet these very victors of mighty empires, when they succumbed to comforts and luxuries, discarded the Quran and Hadith, resorted to oppression and cruelty of their subjugates, became power-drunk and arrogant and indulged openly in wine and women; fell from the glorious pinnacles of civilization and progress to the abyss of disgrace and stagnation.
31. TRAGEDY OF BAGHDAD
* Baghdad that had enjoyed the position of capital of the mighty Islamic empire for decades, makes a tragical lesson of history for the Muslims. The superficial Muslims of this grand city that was the home of great educational institutions (Darul Ulooms) and spiritual reformatories (khanqahs), and the seat of science, technology, research, arts and skills, resorted to oppression of the non-muslim population of their city. They were denied the basic human rights and benefits that Islam so magnanimously confers upon the non-muslim inhabitants of a Muslim state. When this injustice reached an unbearable stage, an old man from the non-Muslims, climbed a nearby mountain and in sheer helplessness, called out to the "God of the Muslims", whom the Muslims claimed was so Just and Compassionate, to assist the oppressed and down-trodden. A voice from the unseen called out to him:
"Prepare yourselves and attack! We will assist you." The non-muslims made a sudden and a most terrific onslaught upon the Muslims. So terrible was the result of the carnage that only 600 000 survived out of a total of 2 million. 1,4 million were massacred in no time. One non-muslim, single handedly slaughtered a contingent of 150 fully armed Muslim soldiers. A non-muslim woman killed 50 Muslim soldiers all on her own. This was in revenge for the years of oppression they were made to suffer. Allah turned the tables, and granted victory to the down trodden nation of the oppressed, for verily, He is Rabbul Aalemeen, The Lord of the Universe - not only of the Muslims. The non-muslims are also His creation and subjects.
* Thereafter, this marauding band of non-muslim victors, held a conference. All were unanimous that it was the "God of the Muslims" that answered their plea and call for assistence. They thus concluded that such a god was truly worthy of worship. The Muslims were disobedient to their god and never abided to the teachings of their religion, thus they were disgraced. Hence, Islam was a true religion. They unanimously decided to accept Islam and ruled over the Islamic empire for centuries (over 17 generations). It is the law of Allah: "If, you turn away, He will replace you with another nation. They will not be (disobedient) like you." 47/38.
32. THE BLOODY HISTORY OF INDIA
* The rise and fall of Muslim rule in India is a heart-rendering lesson of History for the Muslims. A mere force of 12000 men, conquered this mighty land. Year after year, Muslims progressed and thrived. Their rulers were, just, kind and pious. For centuries they held sway over this huge empire. Degeneration slowly set in and the Muslim rulers fell prey to comfort, luxury and pleasures. They ignored the affairs of state. Soon corruption and oppression became rife and in a short time, Muslim rule was sliding down the muddy path of degeneration and rushing headlong towards total disintegration. Hazrat Shah Waliullah (R) in his spiritual farsightedness and political insight, went door-to-door, throught the streets of the Muslims capital, Delhi and warned the people of imminent disaster. "O my People! Abstain from the disobedience of Allah. I have visions of rivers of blood flowing down the streets of Delhi." People laughed him off and swept aside his entreating, most disdainfully, as the raving and ranting of a mad "mullah"!
* Eventually, the dreaded disaster dawned. The enemy attacked and overnight, thousands were massacred. The streets of Delhi were a ghastly sight. Human corpses lined the streets and "rivers of blood flowed down the streets of Delhi." Other corpses were dumped into the Jamna River, (a massive river of India) that resulted in a blockage of the water flow (imagine the number of bodies to cause such an obstruction). The entire river water turned red with human blood. This is the tragic but true tale of the Muslims of India.
33. SLUMBER OF THE MUSLIM NATION
* With great regret and sorrow it has to be noted that despite all these upheavels, the Muslim nation continues to slumber away. Never have they taken lesson from their past and never have they formulated a directive and a goal for the future. Never have we pondered over the vissisitudes of life; the daily lessons of the change of tides in the affairs of the world. Despite being totally insignificant in the affairs of the world and in the eyes of the non-muslims, we continue to labour away in this false sense of pride that we once ruled the world. The Muslims continue to lead a sedentary existence of listlissness, heedlessness, indulgence in luxuries and pleasures, false pride and vainglory, sin, crime and transgression, oppression and exploitation, ignorance in trade, commerce, science and technology. On the other hand they are involved in mutual hatred, enmity, racism, discrimination, embroiled against each other in court cases and law-suits. Their ignorance of religion compels them to uphold meaningless customs and rituals and competing against each other in these, they spend lavish and large sums of money, involving themselves at times in massive debts accompanied by hefty percentages of interest. Ultimately they have to sell hearth and home to alleviate these crushing financial disasters and land up as penniless paupers on the side of streets. Due to lethargy and indolence they are not prepared to undertake labour or any menial occupations and finally end up as the scum and scavengers of society - abject beggars at the doors of all and sundry. What a dismal picture! When will we awake?
34. THE CURE
* This is merely a framework and a totally elementary programme for general upliftment and reform of the Muslim ummah.
1. Every Muslim, male and female, must immediately resolve to at least fulfill the basic requirements of Islam, salat in particular.
2. A massive educational programme to be specially launched on an organized basis with emphasis on religious education and education of adults.
3. Basing our social life on the sunnah and our economical activities solely on the laws of Shariah.
4. Total abstention from mutual conflicts and in fighting.
5. In case of contention, to amicably solve any problems through proper arbitration.
6. Encouragement of business, trade and skills.
7. Dissociation from all customs and rituals at the time of birth, marriages, funerals and other occasions.
8. Particular emphasis on cleanliness, tidiness, health education and physical fitness.
May Allah grant all Muslims the good of both the worlds. Aameen
The Method of Dealing with the Nafs
Set aside a short period of time in the morning and the evening or at the time of going to bed. During this time, sit in seclusion and as far as possible free your heart from all thoughts. Thereafter, address yourself and your nafs in the following manner: O nafs! Understand well that you are similar to a merchant in this world. Your capital is your life and its profits is that it should attain salvation in the hereafter. If you have attained this wealth, your business will be considered to be profitable. If you have wasted this life and have not attained salvation in the hereafter, you will suffer a great loss in that you would have lost your capital and made no profit as well. This capital is so valuable that every minute of it, in fact even a single breath, holds great value. No treasure, irrespective of how valuable it may be, can equal this capital. The reason for this is that if one loses his wealth or treasure, he can strive and try to re-obtain it. As for this life, even a single moment cannot return. Nor can one get another life. The second reason for this is that the wealth that one can acquire with this life, it will be impossible for him to acquire similar wealth through treasures. It is for this reason that the capital (your life) is extremely valuable.
O nafs! Be grateful to Allah that death hasn’t overcome you as yet whereby your life would be finished. Allah Ta’ala has granted you another day in your life. If you begin to die now, you will beg to Him with thousands of hearts and lives that if He gives you one more day, you will make a genuine taubah from all your sins and that you will never commit them again. And that you will spend that entire day (which you have asked for) in His remembrance and His obedience. If this will be your condition and these will be your thoughts at the time of death, then think in your heart and consider this time to be the time of your death and that because you have asked Allah Ta’ala, He has granted you one more day and you do not know whether you will be granted another day or not. So you should spend this day as though you have been informed that this is the last day of your life. In other words, repent from all sins and do not involve yourself in any minor or major sins. Spend the entire day in remembering and fearing Allah. Do not leave out any command of Allah. When the entire day passes in this way and the following day commences, think that this is probably the last day of your life.
O nafs! Do not be deluded into thinking that Allah will forgive you because how do you know that He will forgive you and that He will not punish you? Once He starts punishing you, what will you do and how much will you regret? Even if we had to assume that He will forgive you, you will not receive the rewards that will be given to those who did good deeds. Later, when you see with your own eyes that others are being rewarded while you are being denied these rewards, how much will you regret, and how remorseful you will be! If your nafs asks you: “Okay, tell me what to do?” Then inform it that it should abandon all those actions and habits which will leave it at the time of death, i.e. it should abandon all the vanities of the world and all evils. And that it should immediately adopt all those actions which will help it in the future and without which it cannot exist, i.e. all those actions which will please Allah Ta’ala. Furthermore, it should occupy itself in the remembrance and obedience of Allah Ta’ala. All evils and their cure, have been mentioned in detail previously [Hazrat is referring to Reformation of the Heart, a section ing Bahishti Zewar]. In making efforts in this regard, the evils will be uprooted and the good deeds will be easily executed.
Address your nafs saying: “O nafs! You are similar to a sick person. You know that a sick person has to be extremely abstinent and cautious. Sinning is a sign of self-indulgence and carelessness. It is therefore necessary to abstain from it. Allah Ta’ala has laid down this abstinence for the entire life. Think to yourself that if any ordinary doctor informs you that a particular delicious dish is harmful for your sickness and that it will cause you great discomfort and that if you take a certain bitter medicine daily, it will benefit you and decrease your discomfort; then it is obvious that for the sake if your life which is dear to you, you will abandon the most delicious of dishes for the rest of your life and you will close your eyes and take the most bitter medicine day after day for the rest of your life. We have accepted that sins are very delicious and pleasing and that good deeds are burdensome. However, since Allah Ta’ala has shown us the harms of these delicious things and the benefits of these burdensome things knowing fully that these harms and benefits are forever (in the form of jahannnam and jannah), then O nafs! How surprising and sad it is that because your life is dear to you, you have full conviction in the advice of any doctor but for the love of your Imaan, you are unable to restrict your heart to that which Allah has advised, you do not make any effort to give up sins and that you are still complacent in executing good deeds. What type of Muslim are you that you do not even regard the advice of Allah Ta’ala to be on par with the advice of any ordinary doctor? How stupid are you in that you do not even regard the everlasting comfort of jannah to be equal to the fleeting comfort of this world. You do not even regard the sever punishment of jahannam to be equal to the few days of hardship in this world.”
“O nafs! This world is a place of travel. When on a journey, one does not experience full comfort. One has to bear various difficulties and hardships. However, the traveler bears all these burdens in the belief that when he reaches home, he will experience complete comfort and rest. If he becomes fearful of all these difficulties and therefore decides to stop over at a place, make it his home, and gather all his possessions over there; he will be unable to reach home for the rest of his life. Similarly, as long as you have to live in this world, you will have to bear all the burdens and hardships. Great effort goes in ibaadah and it is extremely difficult to abstain from sins. And many other hardships are experienced in this world. However, the hereafter is our home. Upon reaching there, all difficulties and hardships will terminate. All the difficulties and hardships of this world will have to be borne. If you search for comfort over here, it will be difficult for you to experience any comfort at home (i.e. in the hereafter). Once you have understood this, don’t ever desire the comfort and pleasures of this world. You will have to bear all difficulties willingly so that your hereafter will be proper.”
In short, the nafs will have to be guided to the straight path by addressing it in this way. It will have to be made to understand this daily. Remember that if you do not try to reform yourself in this way, who is going to come and advise you and wish good for you? Now that we have explained this to you, it is left to you to do whatever you wish (i.e. either to your advantage or to your detriment).
From Hazrat Thanvi's Bahishti Zewar
A Tasbeeh is also beneficial for inculcating in one the habit of constant Zikr. For this purpose the use of a Tasbeeh is therefore best. Some people who are not in the habit of making Zikr constantly, feel that by keeping a Tasbeeh in hand at most times, one will develop riya (show) since people will regard the holder of the Tasbeeh as a pious person, This thought prevents them from keeping a Tasbeeh at hand.
The result of this attitude is that they do not develop the habit of Zikr. It should be realized that riya is an internal condition. If one's niyyat is to attract people's attention and to display piety then only will the question of riya arise. Riya is not what others think of one. One should not indulge unnecessarily in such suspicions, which are merely traps of shaitaan to divert one from constant Zikr.
-Hayatul Muslimeen by Hakimul Ummat Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi
On the 19th Rabiul Aakhir, 1413, corresponding to the 17th October 1992, a Saturday, this humble servant presented himself to Maulana Maseehullah Saheb. He indicated for me to bring my ear closer.
He began saying: "I do not even have the will to speak (move my tongue), my weakness is so great. I am having difficulty in speaking, despite this I wish to say something.
A'maal Hasanah (good deeds) in totality should be constantly upheld (done) with Husne-Khulq and Husne-Kalaam. Salaat, Fasting, Sunan, Mustahabbaat should be punctual, keeping in mind your health and your circumstances. Zikr, Tilaawat, according to your ability and means must be maintained, so should mutaala'ah (study and research). This is very important. The 'Shariat wa Tariqat' of Hadhratwala, may Allah enlighten his grave and the Urdu translation of Imaam Ghazaali's Kitab "Tableegh-e-Deen" should be constantly studied. Hadhratwala used to emphasise the studying of this book to great Ulamaa. Also the Tafseer of Hadhratwala's Bayaanul Qur'aan should be studied.
A'maal Sayyi'ah (evil deeds) in its entirety should be abstained, to the extent that Mushtabahaat should be abstained, as is mentioned in Bukhaari Shareef:
Halaal is clear and Haraam is clear between them (Halaal and Haraam) is Mushtabahaat (ambiguity). Refrain from Mushtabahaat.
The attaining of Akhlaaq-e-Hameedah with enthusiasm and cessation or decline of Akhlaaq Sayyi'ah with distaste. The effect of the above will eventually be attaining Husne-Kalaam and Husne-Khulq and it's continuity.
The definition of Husne-Kalaam is that your words are sweet and your voice soft. The definition of Husne-Akhlaaq is Hilm, meaning in our language Burd Baari (tolerance and endurance). If someone says something against your Tab'eeat (constitution), displeasing you, you reply it with Kalaam-e-Husn, with tolerance, as mentioned by Allah Ta'aala:
When you hear Laghw (vain discourse), then refrain therefrom.
Surah al Qasas. Verse 55
Whenever such a thing occurs remain indifferent, let it be, do not sit in such places, do not do things which can be a means of your slander, as mentioned in the Hadeeth.
Protect yourselves from places of slander or ill repute. The Hadeeth does not say protect yourself from slander, but places or methods adopted which could lead to it. Then my Guide, Hadhrat Hakim-ul-Ummat, Mujaddid-e-Millat, Allah Ta'aala enlighten his resting place, used to say: There are two words "Dhiyaan and Dhun" (contemplation/remembrance) and (inclination/diligence).
Dhiyaan is that at all times, standing, sitting, walking, you contemplate Allah Ta'aala and Dhun is that at all times, you are inclined and diligent towards Tazkiyah (self purification). Both these things are unique and admirable. Continue your A'maal on them. Do not fall in to the affairs of others. Stay aloof from the matters of other people. This is against the conduct of the Mashaaikh.
Constant Zikr should be maintained in this manner that the tongue should be in remembrance with every breath and the heart with the tawfeeq of this Zikr and obedience of Allah should be Shaakir (content). Your transactions, buying and selling, should be honest. These words are by the way of Wasiyyat (bequest) though I do not have the strength, with the Fadhl (grace) of Allah Ta'aala, I have made this Wasiyyat (bequest)."
This humble servant then requested, please make du'aa that Allah Ta'aala grant me the Tawfeeq to act completely on all this discourse of yours. To the best of my ability, this servant will Insha Allah continue applying this.
Thereafter Hadhratwala made lots of du'aa.
The next day, after Fajr Salaat, he said: "Remain firm on A'maal-Hasanah, constantly with Husne-Khulq and Husne-Kalaam, soft and sweet words, as Allah Ta'aala has mentioned in the Qur'aan:
Say unto my servants that when they speak, speak well.
Speak with Husne-Kalaam, Husne-Khulq, whenever anything is said against Tab'eeat (constitution), one is offended by it, reply with Husne-Kalaam and Husne-Khulq or remain silent. Allah Ta'aala has mentioned:
And when you hear vain discourse, refrain therefrom.
Surah Qasas, Verse 55
Never can good and evil be equal. Repel evil with that which is good.
Surah Haameem Sajdah. verse 34.
Husne-Khulq is a great and important aspect.
Rasoolullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said:
Must I not show you that which is better than the entire night of Ibaadat (worship), and the entire day of Sawm (fasting) for one year?" The Sahaabah radhiyallahu anhum replied: "What is that, O Rasoolullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam?" He replied: "Husne-Khulq". This is a great thing. Thereafter, Rasoolullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said: "Must I not show you that which is better than Husne-Khulq?"
The Sahaabah radhiyallahu anhum thought: "What can be more virtuous than Husne-Khulq?"
He replied: "To have Husne-Khulq with your wives, to be soft with them."
Because differences between spouses is generally common.
And in the same manner, with one's relatives, friends and even enemies, one should have Husne-Khulq.
To be firm with A'maal-e-Hasanah, with Husne-Khulq and Husne-Kalaam, and to refrain from A'maal-e-Sayyi'ah constantly. The tongue should be Zaakir (in remembrance) and the heart should be Shakeer (content).
An inclination towards Tazkiyah-e-Nafs and Islah-e-Nafs and the remembrance of Allah Ta'aala. This is the essence of Tasawwuf. Be continuous in your A'maal of it. This is the saying of my Guide, Hadhrat Hakeemul Ummat Mujaddid Maulana Muhammad Ashraf Ali Saheb Thanvi, Allah Ta'aala enlighten his Qabar.