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A Glance at the Battle of Karbala & Martyrdom of Husain RA

It is commonly known that the people most beloved to a person are his family and progeny. As Mu’mineen we follow Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). If we take closer look at the Mubarak life of Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) we will find that Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi wa sallam) also had a lot of love for the Ahlul Bayt (his family and progeny). The most beloved of his progeny was Hazrat Faatima (Radiyallahu Anha) and her family. This has been alluded to in the Ahadith:

“Allah only wishes to rid you of (spiritual) filth (such as sin), O members of the household (of Rasoolullah Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam), and to purify you thoroughly (from all evil).” Suratul Ahzaab v.33
This Ayat was revealed in respect of the honourable wives of Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and appears amongst the Aayaat addressing them. However, it is proven in the Ahadith that when this verse was revealed that Nabi (Sallallahu alayhi wa Sallam) took Hazrat Faatimah, Hazrat Hasan, hazrat Husain ansd Hazrat Ali (Radiyallahu Anhum) into a blanket and made this duaa:

“O Allah! They are also from my Ahlul Bayt. So rid them of (spiritual) filth and purify them thoroughly.”
Without doubt this duaa was accepted. They were then included in the choicest blessings of Allah mentioned in the aayat. On this basis they also included in the Ahlul Bayt. A question comes about: Who are the Ahlul Bayt? Literally:  (The first purport of Ahlul Bayt is the wife. Thereafter the children and other family members etc.) Technically:  (Banu Hashim and Banul Muttalib and the honourable wives). This is according to majority of the Ulama.
Regarding the Ahlul Bayt, there are many virtues and merits recorded for them in general and specifically for Hazrat Faatimah, Hazrat Hasan, Hazrat Husain and Hazrat Ali (Radiyallahu Anhum) in the Ahadith:

1) “Hazrat Jabir (Radiyallahu Anhu) narrates that I saw Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in Hajjatul Wadaa’ on the Day of Arafah seated on his camel Qaswaa’ and was addressing the people. I heard him saying, ‘I leave with you two things by means of which if you hold firmly to you will never be misguided – The Qur’an and my household.’” (Mishkaat from Tirmizi)

2) “Hazrat Zayd bin Arqam (Radiyallahu Anhu) narrates that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said regarding Hazrat Ali, Hazrat Faatimah, Hazrat Hasan and Husain (Radiyallahu Anhum), “I declare war on the person who opposes them and I am at peace with the one who is good to them.” (Mishkaat from Tirmizi)

The meaning of this Hadith is that whoever loves them loves Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and whoever dislikes them dislikes Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam). This was also regarding the Sahaabah in general.

3) Hazrat Huzaifah (Radiyallalhu Anhu) narrates that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said (on one occasion), “Tonight such an angel came to me who had not previously descended onto the earth. He sought permission from Allah Ta’ala to greet me with Salaam and to give me glad tidings that Hazrat Faatimah (Radiyallahu Anha) is the leader of all the women of Jannah …” (Mishkaat from Tirmizi)

4) Hazrat Abu Saeed (Radiyalalhu Anhu) narrates that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) said, “Hazrat Hasan and Hazrat Husain (Radiyallahu Anhuma) are the leaders of the youth of Jannah.”

5) Hazrat Ali (Radiyallahu Anhu) narrates that Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) made the following duaa, “May Allah have mercy on Abu Bakr (Radiyallahu Anhu)! He married me to his daughter, provided a mount for me for Hijrah (migration), accompanied me in the cave (during Hijrah) and he set Bilal (Radiyallahu Anhu) at his own expense. May Allah have mercy on Umar (Radiyallahu Anhu)! He speaks the truth even though it is bitter (hurtful). As a result of this he does not have many friends. May Allah have mercy on Uthmaan (Radiyallahu Anhu)! The Malaaikah feel shy for him. May Allah have mercy on Ali (Radiyallahu Anhu)! O Allah! Let Haqq be with him wherever he goes”

A question remains: What was the relationship between the Ahle Bayt and the other Sahabah especially the Khulafaa-e-Raashideen (Radiyallahu Anhum)?

Allah Ta’ala speaks about the Sahaabah (Radiyallahu Anhum) and their relationship with each other in the following Aayat:

“Muhammad (Sallallahu alayhi wa Sallam) is the Messenger of Allah. And those with him (the Sahaabah Radiyallahu Anhum) are stern (strong) against the Kuffaar and (yet) compassionate (symp[athetic) amongst themselves …”

Based on this Aayat we understand the Sahaabah (Radiyallahu Anhum) had an excellent relationship amongst them. However we will further elucidate this by way of examples from the lives of Sahaabah (Radiyallahu Anhum).

Before going any further into this discussion it is important to reflect and understand some very important aspects:
1) The name given to a child is something very significant. The significance cannot be denied. One of the most significant aspects of the name of a person is that it shows the religion of a person. You will not find a Christian or Jew naming his child Muhammad. Similarly you will not find a Muslim naming his child David or John. The reason being that these have different religious connotations. Another significance of a name is that it shows affinity and love for the person after whom the child is named. The name is not chosen for political reasons. Nor will a person name his child after his enemy. He will choose a name which has a good menaing and significance and is liked by everybody. The same will apply to his grandchildren. He will not allow them to name their children after his enemies. This will apply to every generation.
2) Who would a person marry his beloved daughter – the apple of his eye - off to? Would he marry her off to a criminal or to the person who killed her mother or brother? Never. A person would be very particular and meticulous when it comes to choosing a husband for his daughter. He would never choose anybody who caused harm to him or his family. It would surely be a pious and righteous person.
3) A person would only praise and speak highly of those deserving of praise. He will never speak highly of his enemy or somebody he does not love or does not deserve any praise.
Now let us look into the life of Sahaabah (Radiyallahu Anhum) to see the relationship between Ahle Bayt and the other Sahaabah. Let us see how strongly these aspects are found in their lives.

Hazrat Ali (radiyallahu Anhu) named three of his sons after the first three Khulaafa-e-Raashideen. Abu Bakr bin Ali, Umar bin Ali and Uthman bin Ali. All three became Shaheed with their brother Hazrat Husain (Radiyallahu Anhu) in the Battle of Karbala.

Similarly Hazrat Hasan (Radiyallahu Anhu) named three of his sons Abu Bakr bin Hasan, Umar bin Hasan and Talha bin Hasan. All three of them also became Shaheed in the Battle of Karbala.
Hazrat Husain (Radiyallahu Anhu) named his son Umar bin Husain.

Zainul Aabideen (Rahmatullahi Alayhi)- the grandson of Hazrat Husain (Radiyallahu Anhu) named his daughter Aaisha and his son Umar.

This shows the excellent relationship between the Ahle Bayt and the other Sahaabah (Radiyallahu Anhum) in the first aspect.

Let us look at their relationship in the second aspect.
Hazrat Ali (Radiyallahu Anhu) married his daughter – the granddaughter of Nabi (Sallalalhu Alayhi wa Sallam) – Hazrat Umme Kulthoom (Radiyallahu Anha) to Hazrat Umar (Radiyallahu Anhu).
The mother of Ja’far Saadiq – a descendant of Hazrat Husain (Radiyallahu Anhu) – was a descendant of Hazrat Abu Bakr (Radiyallahu Anhu) – his great granddaughter. Ja’far Saadiq even says: ولدني أبوبكر مرتين
This also shows the excellent relationship between the Sahaabah (Radiyallahu Anhum) and the Ahle-Bayt.

Let us look at their relationship in the third aspect of praise for each other.
Once a person came to Hazrat Ali (Radiyallahu Anhu) and said: “What has become of the Muhajireen and the Ansaar that they have elevated Abu Bakr (Radiyallahu Anhu) above you whereas you are superior to him in your virtues status and actions?” Hazrat Ali (Radiyallahu Anhu) replied to the person saying: “If it was not for the fact that a Believer is in the protection of Allah Ta’ala, I would have killed you. I am greatly dismayed by your statement. Hazrat Abu Bakr (Radiyallahu Anhu) has surpassed me in four aspects: He accepted Islam before me. He was made the Imaam before me. He also surpassed me with regards to the incident of Hijrah (migration) and accompanying Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) in the cave. He was also ahead of me in the spreading of Islam.”

From here we understand the excellent relationship between the Ahle Bayt and the other Sahaabah (Radiyallahu Anhum).

May Allah Ta’ala grant us all taufeeq to honour and respect all the Sahaabah (Radiyallahu Anhum) and not be duped by any splinter groups. Ameen.

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