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Virtues of Qurbani

Jumuah Earmark: 20 October 2012

Topic: Virtues of Qurbani

Qurbani

The Ibadah of Qurbani is among the Shi’aar (distinguishing features) of Islam. Such importance has been accorded to Qurbani that a severe warning was sounded to those who shirk in performing it despite having the means.  It is reported from Hazrat Abu Hurairah (Radhiyallahu Anhu) that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said:

“He who has the means and does not perform Qurbani, he should not approach our musallah (eid gah/place of performing Eid Salaah)” (Sunan Ibn Majah, pg.226 #3123). This Hadith clearly describes the great importance that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) accorded to Qurbani.  We can truly appreciate the full impact of this Hadith if we ponder for a moment what a tremendous blessing it was to perform a single Salaah behind Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). Here Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is prohibiting the person who failed to perform Qurbani, despite having the means, from performing the Eid Salaah behind him. This, then, illustrates the tremendous importance of Qurbani in Islam and the reprehensible position of those who ignore this injunction. Hence no true Muslim who has the means will ever omit performing the Qurbani.

Qurbani is Wajib

It is Waajib (necessary) for the one who has the means to perform Qurbani. It is narrated from Hazrat Ibn Umar (Radhiyallahu Anhuma):

Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) remained in Madinah Munawwarah for ten years and each year he performed Qurbani (Sunanut Tirmizi vol.1, pg.277 #1507).  This Hadith indicates that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) performed Qurbani every year that he was in Madinah Munawwarah and never omitted this practice. Such strict adherence to this act is a clear indication of it being Waajib. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is also reported to have said:

“He who has slaughtered (his animal) before the Eid Salaah should slaughter another in its place (since the first is not acceptable). He who has not slaughtered (any animal as yet for Qurbani) must do so” (Sahih Bukhari Vol.2 Pg. 834).

Virtues of Qurbani

The virtues of Qurbani are indeed tremendous. It is reported in a Hadith that the Sahabah (Radhiyallahu Anhum) enquired of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) as to what the rewards of Qurbani were. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) replied that the person performing Qurbani will be rewarded for every hair on the body of the animal or for every fibre of wool in the case of sheep” (Mishkaat ul Masaabih Vol.1, pg.129).

Sacrificing the animals of Qurbani on the day of Eidul Adha is also the most beloved action to Allah Ta’ala on that day. Hazrat Aaisha (Radhiyallahu Anha) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said:

“The son of Adam (Alayhis Salaam) does not perform any action on the day of Nahr (Eidul Adha) which is more beloved to Allah Ta’ala than causing the blood (of the Qurbani animals) to flow” (Mishkaat ul Masaabih Vol.1 Pg.128). On different occasions certain acts enjoy a superior status compared to many other forms of Ibadah. On the day of Eidul Adha the sacrificing of animals has been granted this special virtue of being the most beloved action in the sight of Allah Ta’ala.

The first drop of blood from the Qurbani animal causes a person’s sins to be forgiven. Hazrat Ali (Radiyallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said to Hazrat Fatimah (Radiyallahu Anha):

“O Fatimah! Go and witness your Qurbani, because the first drop of blood that falls from it causes all your sins to be forgiven. On the Day of Qiyamah, this animal will be brought with its blood and flesh and will be placed on your scale increasing it seventy times more. Hazrat Abu Saeed (Radiyallahu Anhu) after hearing of the great blessing asked Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) whether this great favour was only for the family of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) because they are more worthy of this good action or is it for the family of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and the entire Muslim Ummat? Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) replied that it is for both the descendants of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and the entire Ummah.”

From this Hadith two important virtues are found: The first drop of blood of the Qurbani animal causes a person’s sins to be forgiven and his scales of deeds will increase manifold. Therefore Qurbani should be done wholeheartedly. Even if it is not Wajib one should try and achieve this blessing.

Therefore no person who has the means should forego this great Ibadah. With an open heart one should spend from the wealth that Allah Ta’ala has granted and purchase the best animal that one can reasonably afford. Hazrat Ebrahim (Alayhis Salaam) was prepared to sacrifice his son. Surely we can sacrifice some of our wealth!

The First ten days of Zul Hijjah

The first ten days of Zul Hijjah are very significant days in the life of a Mu’min. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is reported to have said:

Ibadah is most beloved in these days

   “On no other days are good actions more beloved to Allah Ta’ala than on these days (i.e. the first ten days of Zul-Hijjah). Someone enquired: “Not even Jihad in the path of Allah?” “Not even Jihad in the Path of Allah Ta’ala” replied Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam), “Except that person who goes out to fight with his life and wealth and does not return with anything (i.e. he becomes a martyr)”(Sahih Bukhari Vol.1 Pg. 391). Another narration declares: “The fast of each of these days is equal to the fast of a whole year, and the Ibadah (worship) of each of these nights is equal to the Ibadah of Laylatul Qadr” (Sunanut Tirmizi # 758; Sunan Ibn Majah # 1728).   

From the above one can gauge the great virtues of these ten days.  In these days the smallest of good actions becomes more virtuous than even Jihad in the path of Allah at other times. Hence we can imagine what great rewards one would get for Jihad and striving in the path of Allah in these very days.

Read Excessively

It is related from Hazrat ibn Abbas (Radiyallahu Anhuma) that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “No days are as weighty with Allah and so liked by Him for good deeds than the first ten days of Zul-Hijjah. Therefore in these days excessively read Tasbeeh (Subahanallah), Tahleel (La-ilaha il-lal-lah), Tahmeed (Alhamdulillah) and Takbeer (Allahu Akbar) (Tabrani # 11116).

Day of Arafah

The fast of the day of Arafah (9th Zul Hijjah) also has great virtues.  Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) is reported to have said, “I have hope in Allah Ta'ala that the fast of Arafah will be an atonement for the sins of the past and forthcoming year.”(Tirmizi # 749)

It should be remembered that forgiveness of the sins refers to the minor sins. One must sincerely repent from the major sins. If one had violated the rights of people, one must also fulfil the same.

Darul Ihsan Centre

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