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Guest Impressions

Ramadaan

Ramadaan

 

"Oo see kum Ibad'allah Bi Taqwa'llah" Calls us to Almighty Allah Subhanahu Wata'ala and His Beloved Rahmatul Liel Ala'meen - Sallallahoo Alayhi Wasallam, that is, to the programme of Islam and the Most Noble Qur'an, in order that we may answer the Call. 

It says: "If you answer this Call you shall be given life." It considers life to lie in answering the Call of Almighty Allah Rabbul Ala'meen, the call of Islam and the call of the Most Holy Qur'an. We believe real life to lie here, and the blessed month of Ramadan as a religious and political exercise is an agent of society's life and growth towards perfection.


O you who believe! It is the love for Islam that lights the horizons of our life. Love displayed especially during the most wonderful month of Ramadan plays deep and vast roles in our material and spiritual development; it holds magnificent and astonishing power. This power was implemented in our conscience and continues to grow until in some instances it becomes like an endless sea. If we extinguish the light of love, the light of caring and sharing from the horizon of life during the great month that Almighty Allah Subhanahu Wata'ala has claimed for Himself, the darkness of disappointments and the horror of loneliness will prevail over-shadowing our spirit, and the face of the world will become gloomy.

Shedding light on the objects of fasting, Imam Ghazali writes [Ilya-ul-Uloom, Vol. 1, p. 212]: "The object of fasting is that man should produce within him a semblance of the Divine Attribute of Samadiyat
[i.e., Freedom from want], that he should, as far as possible, take after the angels and cast off the beastly propensities because the angels are free from desire and the place of man, too, is above the animals and he has, further, been given the power of discrimination to resist the pressure of inordinate appetites. He is ofcourse, inferior to angels in the sense that desire often overpowers him and he has to strive hard to subdue it. When he succumbs to sensual propensities he generates into the 'lowest of the lowly' and joins the herds of cattle while when he conquers them he attains the dizzy heights of the heavenly hosts and begins to dwell on the plane of the angels."

Following the very hard and difficult days of estrangement and persecution at Makkah and the struggle at Madinah, the blessed infant called "the Islamic Society" grew up into a strong and intelligent youth as a result of the blessings of the struggles based on Qiyam that was waged in the land of the Hijaz. Almighty Allah Subhanahu Wata'ala then enjoined fasting upon Muslims. But it was done after Migration when the clouds of gloom had lifted and a period of poverty and privation ended and the Muslims were leading a life of peace and contentment.

The Qur'anic verse enjoining fasting upon Muslims was revealed when they had attained firmness and maturity of faith and Salaat had become an integral part of their being and they had arrived at a stage when it was easy for them to submit willingly to what they were commanded to by Almighty Allah Subhanahu Wata'ala and His Beloved Nabee Sallallahoo Alayhi Wasallam. To quote from Allama Ibn-i-Qaiyyim: "Since to liberate man from the clutches of sensuality is a most difficult task and it takes a lot of time the command of the obligation of fasting was not revealed till such time after the Hijrah as it had become clear that the creed of Monotheism and the duty of Salaat had sunk deep into them and they had become thoroughly oriented to the injunctions of the Holy Qur'an. Fasting was thus revealed in the second year after the Hijrah [Migration]. [Surah Al-Baqara verses 183-185].

O you who believe! "Kutiba Alaikumus Siyamu" [Fasting is prescribed to you] is therefore, addressed to three kinds of people. Firstly, those who are healthy and not on a journey: for them fasting is compulsory: secondly, those who are sick or on a journey: for them it is permissible not to fast but they must make amends for it by fasting, at some other time, for as many days as they had omitted; and, thirdly, those who are too old and feeble [or afflicted with an incurable disease] to bear the hardship of fasting, but they will have to feed a poor and needy Muslim in lieu of every fasting day. The same is the case with a woman in the family way or one who is nursing a baby.

To begin with, Almighty Allah Most Exalted addresses those to whom fasting is prescribed in verses 183 to 185 in Surah Al-Baqara.O you who believe! The Believers are thus, made ready beforehand for the fulfillment of the command that is going to be sent down, however hard it may be, for it is a primary requirement of faith that once a person has affirmed his or her belief in Allah as the Lord and Creator, the Worshipped One and the Arbiter of what is lawful and what is forbidden, and surrendered the control and management of his or her affairs to Him, he or she should faithfully and without reluctance, submit to all the laws and regulations Allah may be pleased to proclaim as we learn from verse 51 Surah Al Nur:

"The saying of (all true) believers when they appeal
unto Allah and His Messenger to judge between them
is only that they say: We hear and We obey. It is such
as these that will attain felicity."

And in verse 24 of Surah Al Anfal:

"O you who believe! Give your response to Allah and His
Messenger, when He calleth you to that which will give
you life; and know that Allah cometh in between a man
and his heart, and that it is He to Whom ye shall (all)
be gathered."

There are two kinds of individuals. There is a kind whose entire being is summed up in his exterior. His outward is attractive, remarkable, and occasionally impressive and awesome. But his inward is hollow and empty. This is the worst state for a human being who wishes to be the source of higher achievements. Almighty Allah be our refuge. There is another kind of human being whose inward being preponderates his outward. Whatever his outward be, his inward is better and richer. We ask Allah to make us beings of the second type. Supplications, Ibada'h and fasting during Ramadan are not meant merely for asking something of Allah but are also meant as self-addressed lessons. Ramadan teaches us to heed the outward, but the inward has to be better.

The believers are assured that the purpose of fasting is not to put them to unnecessary hardship but it is for their own betterment and purification. This is precisely what the verse, that you may ward off evil signifies. Later the believers are told not to consider the period of one month excessive since it is only a matter of a limited number of days which follow one another in regular order and come to an end quickly. And, finally, while dwelling upon the significance of the month in which fasting is prescribed it is emphasized that it is the month in which the Holy Qur'an was revealed and a new message of faith was vouchsafed to mankind.

O Ummatul Muslimeen! What could be more fitting and beneficial for a Muslim than that he or she quickened himself or herself with new life through fasting and prayer during the blessed month of Ramadan? It is related that the Nabee Sallallahoo Alayhi Wasallam once said: "There is a fixed principle for rewarding all the good deeds of men, and every good deed will be rewarded according to it." But the fast is an exception. The standard command of the Lord is that since a person forgoes food and drink and subdues his and her passions solely for His sake, He will recompense him or her directly for it. One more tradition of the Nabee Sallallahoo Alayhi Wasallam reads: "There are two moments of special joy for a person who fasts: one is when he or she breaks the fast, and this he or she experiences in this earthly existence, and the other will come in the Hereafter when he or she will be presented before Almighty Allah Subhanahu Wata'ala.

O Almighty Allah Rabbul Ala'meen! On the eve of the Holy month of Ramadan we raise our hands in complete humility and humbleness and beg for Your pardon. If You wish, forgive us by virtue of Your Muhabbat and Kindness, and if You wish, punish us by virtue of Your Justice. Then show us Your Favour, envelope us in Your pardon, and keep us safe in Your Refuge from all torment. O Allah! You know well that we cannot endure Your Justice or withstand the chastisement that we merit; none can attain salvation except through Your forgiveness and generosity. When we sinned against You, Shaytaan rejoiced; now that we have severed our links with him we have turned toward You, and have joined the ranks of the saved.
Make our inner better than our outer. Extend the reward of the most glorious month of Ramadan to the Ummah of Your Beloved Nabee Muhammad Ibn Abdullah - Rahmatul Liel Ala'meen Sallallahoo Alayhi Wasallam. Accept all our good deeds, our Ibadah, our Supplications, our Zakat, and our fasting during the month that You have claimed for Yourself.

And Almighty Allah knows best.

And all Praise is Allah's at every beginning and end.
And the end of all goals is the Love of the Exalted Creator.

Baarak -Allaahu Feekum wa sal-Allaahu wa-Salam 'alaa
Nabiyyinaa Muhammad, Sallallahoo Alayhi Wasallam.

Was Salaamu 'alaykum wa-Rahmatullahi wa-Barakaatuhu

Abdul Hamid

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