The findings were published in a new study titled “An ergonomic study of body motions during Muslim prayer using digital human modelling” in the International Journal of Industrial and Systems Engineering.
The prostration position known as the Sajdah, increases the elasticity of joints according to the study.
Birmingham University (US) Professor Mohamed Khasawneh, co-author of the research paper, said:
“One way to think about the movements is that they are similar to those of yoga or physical therapy intervention exercises used to treat low back pain.”
“Moreover, studies indicate that there is a strong association between prayer and vigilance about maintaining a physically healthy lifestyle.”
“Prayer can eliminate physical stress and anxiety, while there is also research that indicates prayer rituals can be considered an effective clinical treatment of neuro-musculoskeletal dysfunction.”
Researchers analysed statistics based on the movements of computer-generated digital human models of healthy Indian, Asian, and American men and women, and models with lower back pain.
They found that the bowing is the most stressful on the lower back, but for individuals with low back pain, using proper knee and back angles during the ritual can reduce pain. The angles are based on individual body shapes.
"The maximum compression forces created during prayer postures is much lower than National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) safety limits, and the movements can be safely considered a clinical treatment for low back pain, as it requires different movements of the human body on a regular basis," Khasawneh said.
"The kneeling posture (sujud) increases the elasticity of joints. It is recommended for these individuals to spend more time in the kneeling posture," Khasawneh added.
Darul Ihsan Media Desk