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Imaam Abu Abdur Rahman Bin makhlad Al Andalusy

Imaam Abu Abdur Rahman Bin makhlad Al Andalusy

Imaam Baqy ibn Makhlad al Andulusy {r.a.} was born in Spain and he passed away there as well. He was born in the year 201 A.H. and passed away in 276 A.H.

At the age of 20 he traveled to Baghdad on foot for the sole purpose of meeting Imaam Ahmad ibn Hambal {r.a.}.

He relates: "When I drew near to Baghdad, I heard of the sanction on Imaam Ahmad and that he was banned from having any lessons. I became extremely saddened by this.

After reaching Baghdad I went to the Musjid in search of some gathering of learning. I was shown a huge gathering wherein someone was screening people {He was mentioning the categories of the various narrators of hadith}. Upon enquiry I was told that this was Imaam Yahya ibn Ma'een {r.a.}. I then saw a gap near him and went closer and asked: "Oh Abu Zakariyya ! May Allah have mercy on you. I am a traveler and very far away from home. I wish to ask you a question so please do not refuse me". He said to me: "Go ahead". I enquired from him about a few  people that I had met from the Ashaabul Hadith. Some of them he authorized and some he unauthorized. Then I said to him: "Can I seek your authorization of Imaam Ahmad ibn Hambal?".  He looked at me astonished and said:" Can a person like me be asked about Imam Ahmad ibn hambal? Verily that is the leader of all the Muslims and the best and most exalted of them".

Thereafter I went out in search of the house of Imaam Ahmad ibn Hambal. When I reached his house, I tapped on the door. When he came out he saw a man who he did not recognize. I said to him: "Oh Abu Abdillah! I am a man who is far away from his home and this is my first time in this town. I am a student of hadith and I have undertook this journey specially to benefit from you".  He said to me:" Come to the passage so nobody sees you". He then asked me: " Where are you from?".  I replied : " From the Far West". He asked:" From Africa?". I replied: "Further than that. I have to cross the sea to go to Africa. I am from Spain".  He said: " Your country is very far off. Nothing is more beloved to me than to assist a person like you but I have been afflicted with the sanctions that you my have heard of ". I said:" Of course. I heard of it whilst I was near Baghdad. But oh Abu Abdillah! This is the first time I have come here. Nobody knows me so if you permit I will come every day in the clothes of a beggar and call out at the door like they normally call out. Then you come to this passage and if you narrate to me only one hadith a day it would be sufficient for me". He replied: " Yes on condition that you do not go to any other gathering or Halqah of the Ashaabul hadith". I said : "As you wish". So I use to take a stick in my hand, wrap a cloth on my head, put my paper and ink in my sleeve and come to his door and call out like the beggars would call out. Then he would come to the passage and narrate to me two or three Ahadith and sometimes even more. In this way I collected approximately 300 Ahadith. I did this till the end of the sanctions and till Imaam Ahmad regained his status in the eyes of the people.

When I would come to his gathering later on, he would keep me close to him and he would say to the Ashaabul Hadith :" This person is fit to be called a student of Hadith". Then he would narrate to them my incident with him." { pg. 55-58 }

Imaam Abul Waleed Al-Faradhy says:" Baqy ibn Makhlad used to say: " Verily I know a man { referring to himself } who days use to pass by during his studenthood and he would not have food to eat except cabbage leaves that would be thrown away."

He once said to his students :"Are your'll seeking 'Ilm ? Is this the way to seek 'Ilm?!! Only when one of you does not have anything to do does he think of seeking knowledge! Verily I know a man { referring to himself } who days use to pass by during his student days and he would not have anything to eat but the cabbage leaves that people use to throw on the streets!

And certainly I know a man who sold his pants many a times to buy pages for writing!!!

This is the incident of a true student of 'Ilm { in the words of Imaam Ahmad }.

It is said that Imaam Baqy ibn Makhlad had compiled a very large and comprehensive work on Hadith but unfortunately it's whereabouts are still unknown. May Alaah Ta'ala make it easy to find this magnificent piece of work of Imaam Baqy ibn Makhlad {r.a.}. Ameen.

 

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